Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

UNRRA selected records AG-018-001 : China Office

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2016.232.1 | RG Number: RG-67.059

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward

    Overview

    Description
    Selected records of the UNRRA China Office relating to Displaced Persons Operations, medical and agricultural rehabilitation in China, 1944-1949: reports, correspondence with Jewish Sephardic Committee, Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, lists of refugees, as well as records relating to repatriation, transportation, and tracing inquiries.
    Date
    inclusive:  1944-1949
    Collection Creator
    United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA)
    Biography
    The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) was an international relief agency representing 44 nations, but largely dominated by the United States. Founded in 1943, it became part of the United Nations (UN) in 1945, and it largely shut down operations in 1947. Its purpose was to "plan, co-ordinate, administer or arrange for the administration of measures for the relief of victims of war in any area under the control of any of the United Nations through the provision of food, fuel, clothing, shelter and other basic necessities, medical and other essential services." Its staff of civil servants included 12,000 people, with headquarters in New York. Funding came from many nations, and totaled $3.7 billion, of which the United States contributed $2.7 billion; Britain $625 million and Canada $139 million. The Administration of UNRRA at the peak of operations in mid-1946 included five types of offices and missions with a staff totaling nearly 25,000: The Headquarters Office in Washington, The European Regional Office (London), the 29 servicing offices and missions (2 area offices in Cairo and Sydney; 10 liaison offices and missions in Belgium, Denmark, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Trieste; 12 procurement offices in Argentina, Brazil, Chile and later Peru, Cuba, India, Mexico, South Africa, Southern Rhodesia, Turkey, Uruguay, Venezuela; 6 offices for procurement of surplus military supplies in Caserta and later Rome, Honolulu, Manila, New Delhi, Paris, Shanghai), the sixteen missions to receiving countries (Albania, Austria, Byelorussia, China, Czechoslovakia, the Dodecanese Islands, Ethiopia, Finland, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Korea, the Philippines, Poland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia), and the Displaced Persons Operations in Germany.

    UNRRA cooperated closely with dozens of volunteer charitable organizations, who sent hundreds of their own agencies to work alongside UNRRA. In operation only three years, the agency distributed about $4 billion worth of goods, food, medicine, tools, and farm implements at a time of severe global shortages and worldwide transportation difficulties. The recipient nations had been especially hard hit by starvation, dislocation, and political chaos. It played a major role in helping Displaced Persons return to their home countries in Europe in 1945-46. Its UN functions were transferred to several UN agencies, including the International Refugee Organization and the World Health Organization. As an American relief agency, it was largely replaced by the Marshall Plan, which began operations in 1948. [Source: UN Original finding aid of records of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA)]

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Extent
    12,240 digital images : JPEG ; 9.62 .
    System of Arrangement
    Selected records arranged in four series: 1. S-0528 Headquarters Secretariat. Office of the Director, 1944-1949; 2. S-1126, S-1129, S-1130, S-1132, S-1134, S-1136 Administration: Bureau, Central Registry, Correspondence, Regional Administration, Health and Medical (Registry and Subject File), 1944-1948; 3. S-1136 Supply. Agricultural Rehabilitation, 1944-1949; 4. S-1149 Regional Offices, Changsha, 1944-1949.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    This material can only be accessed in a Museum reading room or other on-campus viewing stations. No other access restrictions apply to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    The United Nations Archives is a holder of the copyrights of this collection.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    Source of acquisition is the United Nations Archives and Records Management Section (UN-ARMS), UNRRA records AG-018-001. The collection was digitized through a cooperative agreement between the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, the Mémorial de la Shoah, France and the UN-ARMS. The USHMM Archives received copied collection via the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum International Archival Programs Division in 2016.
    Record last modified:
    2024-01-05 13:35:05
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn543509

    Additional Resources

    Download & Licensing

    In-Person Research

    Contact Us