Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Beaded hat with a floral pattern brought by a Jewish German refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2012.151.2

A child sized, handmade stocking cap with a beaded floral design, given to Thea Löwenstein Klestadt by her mother, Erna, in Dusseldorf, Germany before 1938. Thea passed the hat down to her daughter Julie after her adoption in 1955. In 1935, Thea married Fred Klestadt in Düsseldorf. In September, the Nazis announced the Nuremberg Laws which excluded Jews from German citizenship. The laws defined a Jew as a person who had 3 or more grandparents that were Jews, regardless of their religious practice. Jews were also barred from holding civil service positions, practicing law, teaching and many other professions. In 1937, fleeing rising German anti-Semitism the couple obtained visas for the United States and immigrated. They settled in Cleveland, Ohio, in 1939. In 1955, Thea and Fred adopted Julia Weinstock, a 14 year old Jewish Polish girl whose parents were murdered in the Holocaust. She survived by hiding in a forest bunker near Lvov. When that became too dangerous, her grandfather took her and they both hid in a Christian woman’s house.

received:  before 1938
received: Dusseldorf (Germany)
Dress Accessories
Object Type
Hats (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Julie Klestadt Keefer
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:36:47
This page: