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Westerbork transit camp voucher, 100 cent note

Object | Accession Number: 2016.184.827

Westerbork voucher, value 100 cents, of the type issued in Westerbork transit camp beginning February 15, 1944. Inmates were not allowed to have currency, which was confiscated. The vouchers [gutschein] were distributed as an incentive for doing work in four denominations: 10, 25, 50, and 100 cents. Netherlands was occupied by Germany in May 1940. The camp, in northeast Holland, was originally set up by the Dutch in 1939 to intern Jewish refugees. In July 1942, the German security police and the SS turned it into a transit camp to hold prisoners before deporting them to concentration camps in the east, where most perished. From July 1942 - September 3, 1944. nearly 200,000 Jews were deported from the camp. Most inmates had short stays at the camp. However, there were about 2000 longterm detainees who helped run the camp or were exempt from deportation. The vouchers were used with this population, most of whom were deported before the camp was liberated on April 12, 1945. This scrip is one of more than 900 items in the Katz Ehrenthal Collection of antisemitic visual materials.

Date
1944 February 15  (issue)
Geography
issue : Westerbork (Concentration camp); Westerbork (Netherlands)
Language
German
Classification
Exchange Media
Category
Money
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Katz Family
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:08:10
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn548085