- Interview Summary
- Edith C. discusses her life immediately after WWII; being taken to Switzerland by the French resistance; joining her mother in Toulouse, France; going to the United States in 1952 on a scholarship after completing her baccalaureate requirements at the University of Toulouse; the difficulty she experienced trying to find a job in New York; her thoughts on being an American; and the difficulty of sharing her Holocaust experiences with her family members.
1992 October 26
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Juanita Carmi
1 sound cassette (90 min.).
Rights & Restrictions
- Conditions on Access
- There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
- Conditions on Use
- Copyright to the research paper, interview questions, and oral histories is retained by Juanita Carmi. Other material in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.
Keywords & Subjects
- Legal Status
- Permanent Collection
- Juanita Carmi donated the oral history interviews recorded for her university term paper "Out of Hell: The Immigrant Experience of Jewish Holocaust Survivors" to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2016.
- Special Collection
The Jeff and Toby Herr Oral History Archive
- Record last modified:
- 2023-11-16 08:10:39
- This page:
Also in Juanita Carmi collection
Photographs of the exended family of Juanita Carmi (nee Chmielnicki), including pre-World War II photos from Poland, post-war photographs of her step-father, Markus Kavior, and the latter's naturalization (United States) certificate. Also include is material related to a historical research project conducted by Carmi in the 1992, for a university class, in which she interviewed four Holocaust survivors about their experiences as displaced persons in the immediate aftermath of World War II. This material includes four audiocassette recordings of the interviews, a typed list of questions, and the resulting research paper that drew upon the interviews as source material. Also included is an audiocassette recording of an interview conducted with Carmi's cousin, Aharon Carmi, which was part of a radio program broadcast in Israel in 1991.
Photographs (10), of the family of Juanita Carmi, including pre-World War II photos of her paternal aunt, Nechuma Chmielnicki Fuks, and pre- and post-war photos of her stepfather, Markus Kavior. Also includes the certificate of naturalization (United States) for Markus Kavior (1952), as well as a research paper written by Carmi in 1992, for a course at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia, titled "Out of Hell: The Immigrant Experience of Jewish Holocaust Survivors." This paper was based on interviews conducted by Carmi with six Holocaust survivors, and audio-recordings of those interviews are cataloged separately.
Morris B. discusses his life immediately after WWII; living in a displaced persons camp in Germany; his desire to go to Palestine; going to Italy; deciding to go live with his aunt in Canada; arriving in Manitoba in March 1948; getting married to an American woman; apprenticing to an upholsterer; and his thoughts on being an American.
Rachel B. discusses her life in hiding a Catholic convent in Belgium; receiving an excellent education while in hiding; her experiences in the time immediately after WWII; her active social life; working for the American PX; getting married in December 1945 to a German-born man; immigrating to the United States; the difficulty she experienced trying to find a job in New York; her thoughts on being an American; and the difficulty of sharing her Holocaust experiences with her family members.
Paul Kassy discusses his liberation from Buchenwald; going to Paris, France, with the help of the OEuvre de secours aux enfants; staying in a private school in Normandy for some time; working at the American PX in Paris; finding out that his mother war still alive and trying to get to Romania; a Jewish US Army chaplain who he got to know in Vienna, Austria; immigrating to the US in March 1947; serving in the US Army and being receiving a medical discharge; and applying to college in 1954.