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Oral history interview with Mikhail Zozulya

Oral History | Accession Number: 2016.302.1 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0904

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Mihkail Zozulya, born on December 24, 1930 in the village of Malentsy (Malyntsi), Ukraine, describes the occupation of the village by Nazi German and Romanian forces during the first days of July 1941; the day after occupation when all the Jews of Malentsy were gathered and ordered to wear yellow stars; the restrictions placed on Jews; the immediate murder of five Jews; the forced work for boys, men, and women; being moved with the other Jews to a temporary ghetto in Novoselitsa, Ukraine, where for the following two weeks Jews from surrounding villages were also brought there; being forced with the other Jews to walk to another ghetto (temporary camp) in Sokiryany, Moldova (now in Ukraine); the transfer of more Jews to this camp from Bessarabia, Bukovina, and Moldova; being separated into several groups, each of which was forced to walk on a different route; the further separation of the elderly and sick people from his group, including his grandparents (Benjamin and Chayliba), and finding out later that they were killed; walking for two months, during which a third of their group died; arriving at the Balki ghetto in Transylvania; the epidemics of dysentery and typhoid in the camp; his work sorting vegetables at the vegetable store; the brutal punishment to children who tried to eat some of the vegetables; working in the fields from spring to fall; staying in Balki for around four years; being liberated from the ghetto in April 1944; returning to Malentsy; relocating several years later to Stanisławów (Ivano-Frankivsk), Ukraine; and immigrating to the United States in 1998.

Interviewee
Mikhail Zozulya
Interviewer
Liliya Meyerovich
Date
2016 October 06  (interview)
Geography
creation : Elk Ridge (Md.)
Language
Russian
Extent
1 digital file : MPEG-4.