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Oral history interview with Zinaida Malashonor

Oral History | Accession Number: 2010.445.39 | RG Number: RG-50.653.0039

Zinaida Pavlovna Malashonor (Leontieva), born in 1929 in Sebezh, Russia, discusses her memories of life before the war; how the Jewish and Russian families lived on the same street, and all the children went to the same school and played together; Jews usually working in small shops; the beginning of the war at which time many families including younger Jewish families evacuated, while older Jews and one family with pregnant wife stayed in the village; her memories of villagers, including children, being forced to do hard physical jobs; Jews being forced to clean the ice on the lake, which was very dangerous; the massacre of all the Jews one day in the winter of 1942 (this included 20 people from her street); the gathering of the Jews by the local Russian policemen across the frozen lake, near the Jewish cemetery, where the Jews were shot; the burial of the Jews in a freshly dug ditch after which the area was set on fire, this was to prevent anyone from counting the dead; hearing rumors that a young boy named Boris hid inside a chimney during the roundup and ran across the lake to the neighboring village, but then Germans found him and killed him; the plundering of the Jews’ homes after the massacre by Russian police; the Germans publicly hanging partisans and their contacts, after which they plundered and burned their houses; being arrested and sent to the basement full of other people; being sent to a slaughterhouse; experiencing starvation and sometimes they had nothing else but dirty potatoes to eat; liberation, after which the policemen who worked for the Germans were charged and sent to prison for 15-20 years, though some of the Estonians from the “death squads” and a few Russian policemen escaped.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Zinaida Malashonor
interview:  2016 May 21
creation: Sebezh (Russia)
1 digital file : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, courtesy of the Jeff and Toby Herr Foundation
Record last modified: 2020-05-04 14:34:43
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