Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Robotnicze Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Dzieci. Zarząd Główny w Warszawie (Sygn. 783)

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2017.56.1 | RG Number: RG-15.509

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward


    Statutes and regulations, organizational structure, circular letters, instructions, correspondence, preliminary budgets, minutes and protocols of conferences, lists of children, various questionnaires and official forms, photographs and other records from various Children's Homes, 1945-1950. Included are the “Tutelary Institution Circular Gazette” (Gazetka Międzyzakładowa) of 1947 from the Orphanage in Zatrzebie, 20 articles written by children and refer to their experiences during the Holocaust, e.g. “Warsaw ghetto uprising”, “The hero of human race” (about Janusz Korczak) or “The Korczak’s Path”, and documents relating to temporary camps for children from foreign countries.
    Alternate Title
    Selected records of the Worker's Society of Children's Friends. Main Board in Warsaw
    inclusive:  1945-1950
    Credit Line
    Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Collection Creator
    Robotnicze Towarzystwo Przyjació? Dzieci
    The Workers' Society of Friends of Children (Robotnicze Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Dzieci), a socialist organization of childcare, was founded in 1917 in Warsaw by the Polish Socialist Party as the Worker's Department of Children's Education and Care. The association operated in the Kingdom of Poland, engaged in orphans, half orphans, poor and homeless children. It organized clubs, care and education centers, health clinics and schools. In 1949 the Workers' Society of Friends of Children merged with the Peasant Society of Friends of Children, creating one organization: the Society of Friends of Children (Towarzystwo Przyjaciół Dzieci, TPD). Jewish Orphanages after WWII: Jewish orphanages after the war: at the founding meeting of Central Committee of Jews (Centralny Komitet Żydów) in Poland, Wydział Opieki nad Dzieckiem was set up, which organised Jewish orphanages. The orphanage in Lublin (later in Petrolesie in the Lower Silesia) existed from the summer of 1944 and was inhabited by 140 children. In 1945, 8 orphanages were set up for healthy children (in Otwock, Helenówek near Łódź, Chorzów, Bielsko, Zatrzebie, Częstochowa, Cracow and Przemyśl) and 3 therapeutic and educational centres (in Rabka, Zakopane and Szczyrk). Approximately, 1,000 children resided in those orphanages. Not only orphans were accepted in orphanages, but also children of poor parents, who could not afford to support them. In relation to the repatriation process of Polish citizens from the USSR, new orphanages were set up in 1946 in Śródborów, Świder, Niemcza and Legnica. Zionist organisations, such as Ichud, He-Halutz, Ha-Shomer ha-Tsair, also established orphanages, where they prepared children to live in Palestine by teaching them Hebrew and bringing them up in national spirit. Such institutions were in Łódź, Warsaw, Szczecin, Sosnowiec, Zabrze, Wrocław and Wałbrzych. Zionist activists, who were the members of Central Committee of Jews in Poland, tried to incorporate Zionist ideology elements while teaching in the institutions governed by the Committee. This caused conflicts with Bund members and communists, who were active in the Committee. According to the Committee directives, youth was to be brought up in the spirit of socialism and the attachment to Poland. Zionists made orphans take part in the illegal emigration actions to Palestine through Czechoslovakia, the so-called Bricha. As a result 10,000 Jewish children left Poland. During the 1948-1950 years, the Committee was gradually dissolved and joined with Polish institutions.

    Physical Details

    2,152 digital images : PDF ; 0.98 GB .
    System of Arrangement
    Arranged in four series: 1. Reports, regulations, minutes and registers of children of the Children's Homes, 1945-1947; 2. Newspapers issued in Children's Homes (Children's articles and poems), 1947; 3. Correspondence, medical records, financial records, clippings, photographs of various Children's Homes; 4. Work reports from various Children's Homes, 1945-1950.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    This material can only be accessed in a Museum reading room or other on-campus viewing stations. No other access restrictions apply to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Reproduction of more than 100 pages of copies of documents for researchers or other institutions requires a written permission of the General Director of the State Archives of the Republic of Poland. Publication of more than 10 complete documents in an individual work requires the written authorization of the General Director. The Museum may not publish any archival material obtained from the General Director, including specific archives under his control, on the Internet, the World Wide Web, or any other publicly accessible on-line network without the written permission of the General Director. Citation of the materials in any publication must refer to the Museum and the Polish State Archives and must include the name of the archival group and catalogue number of the originals.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Holder of Originals
    Archiwum Akt Nowych
    Source of acquisition is the Archiwum Akt Nowych w Warszawie, Poland, Sygn.783. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the filmed collection via the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum International Archival Programs Division in March 2017. This is a cooperative project based on the agreement between USHMM and Yad Vashem, Israel.
    Record last modified:
    2023-07-05 08:59:24
    This page:

    Additional Resources

    Download & Licensing

    In-Person Research

    Contact Us