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Oral history interview with Regina Prima Briemer

Oral History | Accession Number: 2017.163.46 | RG Number: RG-50.919.0048

Regina Prima Briemer (née Harf), born on January 8, 1920 in Wickrath, Mönchengladbach, Germany, describes her early years growing up in Wickrath with her brother Siegfried; her father building a big house where they moved in December 1932; the rise of Hitler to power in Germany; her father who was traditional, and her mother who was more orthodox; her brother Siegfried immigrating to Palestine in 1936; working in Cologne, Germany as a housemaid for Dr. Ochs for three years; the events of Kristallnacht in November 1938 when their home was plundered; her father losing his job; being in Gehringshof Hashgacha (Bachad) from September 1939 until September 1941; being deported with her parents in December 1941 to Riga, Latvia; hearing about the massacres of Jews for the first time; her work shovelling the deep snow; being transferred to Kommando Rosenberg, where she sorted Jewish books that were brought in from Riga’s Jewish homes; the murder of her parents in the Riga ghetto in March 1942 during a raid; having an operation on her appendix in the Riga ghetto; being sent to Kaiserwald concentration camp; contracting typhus; being transported to ABA (Arbeitskleidung Anstalt); her work rolling barrels and disassembling batteries; being sent to Spilva (Spilwe), building the Spilva airport; being sent to Mühlgraben, where she worked with laundry; hurting her knee and reporting to the ghetto’s hospital, and how this saved her life because she avoided a raid that happened that day at the camp in 1944; the August 1944 deportation of prisoners to Stutthof, during which she hid; being sent with 200 prisoners to Libau (Liepaja) by boat; her work loading and unloading ships in Libau; being sent to Germany by boat in February 1945; being sent to a women’s prison in Hamburg, Germany (possibly Fuhlsbüttel); being forced to march from Hamburg to Kiel, which took four days; her work clearing the bombed town of Kiel; being given civil clothes, which were full of lice, and transported to Flensburg; joining a full train coming from Ravensbrück; going to Malmo, Sweden, where they were welcomed by the Red Cross on May 2, 1945; living in a school that was transformed into a temporary home for the survivors; and immigrating to Palestine in February 1947.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Regina Prima Briemer
Date
interview:  1981 July 26
Language
German
Extent
1 sound cassette : analog.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Holocaust Museum & Center for Tolerance and Education
 
Record last modified: 2021-02-22 12:01:54
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn558045