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Ústredný hospodársky úrad : karty arizátorov

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2017.85.1 | RG Number: RG-57.026

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    Overview

    Description
    Aryanization card file of expropriated Jewish properties in Slovakia, arranged alphabetically by name of the non-Jewish Aryanizer (arizátor). Also lists the name(s) of the Jewish owners (maj. žid. podu.) as well as the type of property (druh živnosti) and its location (sidlo živnosti), among other data.
    Alternate Title
    Central Economic Office : aryanization card file
    Date
    inclusive:  1940-1945
    Credit Line
    Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Collection Creator
    Ústredný hospodársky úrad
    Biography
    The Central Economic Office (CEO, Ústredný hospodársky úrad) was one of the offices of the Slovak republic (1939-1945). It played the crucial role in process of the so-called Aryanization of Jewish property in Slovakia. The CEO was created according to the Ruling No.222/1940 of September 16, 1940. The above-mentioned ruling awarded the CEO the competence to “conduct everything necessary in order to exclude Jews from the economy and to transfer their property into the hands of Christians” and the CEO assumed all responsibility for the preparation and execution of the so called liquidation and Aryanization of the Jewish property, with the exception of farmland.
    Until the creation of the Central Economic Office, the process of Aryanization of Jewish property mostly affected the business property and it was under control of the Ministry of Economy of Slovak Republic, the County offices and several other state bodies. The creation of the Central Economic Office was the result of the strengthening of radical wing within the ruling Hlinkas Slovak People´s Party and the leader of radicals Slovak Prime Minister Vojtech Tuka. Radicals led by Tuka were strengthened after German-Slovak negotiations in Salzburg. Tuka, who criticized the Ministry of Economy and other offices for (allegedly) slow pace of “Aryanization” decided to centralize the Aryanization in the CEO and control it. That is why he appointed his protégé Augustín Morávek into the position of CEO´s Chairman and that is also the reason why the CEO was formally subordinated to the Prime Ministers Office. Within next two years the CEO gained control over all kinds of property of Jews in Slovakia (with exception of farmland and agriculture-related assets) and in case of enterprise property it liquidated more than 10,000 businesses and transferred the ownership of another 2,200 businesses into the hands of Slovaks, Germans, Ruthenians living in Slovakia. Besides that, thousands of houses and apartments of Jewish owners were first “temporarily administered” and later confiscated by the state under the control of CEO. The CEO controlled also all blocked bank accounts of Jews, as well as all their valuables (which had to be deposited in specific banks).There was practically no transfer of property possible without formal permission of the CEO. The office had also the competence to issue work permits to Jews. Jewish Center (Ústredňa Židov), the only legal Jewish organization in Slovakia (besides the Jewish Religious Communities), which was created by the regime in September 1940 and was also subordinated to the Central Economic Office.
    In early 1942 the Central Economic Office was subject of investigation of the special committee. It was a result of criticism coming from certain bodies within the ruling regime pointing at the widespread corruption at the CEO. After the investigation first chairman of the Central Economic Office, Augustín Morávek, resigned as of July 1, 1942. His successor, Ľudovít Paškovič reorganized the Office and subordinated it to the Ministry of Economy. It has been documented that the absolute majority of assets was Aryanized during the period between September 1940-July 1942. Due to the reorganization of the office there were two different periods in the organizational history the office and handling of its agenda. During the first period which lasted from October 7, 1940 until July 15, 1942 the CEO consisted of 10 departments: I. Secretariat; II. Legislation; III. Aryanizaiton of businesses; IV. Jewish Center; V. Aryanization of house property; VI. Disposal of Jewish property; VII. Work permissions; VIII. Revisions; IX. Statistics and records; X. Accounting. During the second period which started on July 15, 1942 there were total 6 departments: I. Presidential Department; II. Aryanizational Department; III. Department for the Expulsion of Jews and Disposal of Jewish property; IV. Department of Employment of Jews; V. Department of Revisions; VI. Accounting. [Source: EHRI]

    Physical Details

    Language
    Slovak
    Genre/Form
    Card files.
    Extent
    4,819 digital images.
    System of Arrangement
    Arranged alphabetically in three series: 1. Card file: A- L; 2. Card file: M-Z; 3. Card file: A-Z.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    This material can only be accessed in a Museum reading room or other on-campus viewing stations. No other access restrictions apply to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Fair use only. For study and research purposes only. The use of the microfilms/digital images for other purposes can only be undertaken with the written approval of the Slovak National Archives.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Holder of Originals
    Slovenský národný archív
    Provenance
    Source of acquisition is the Slovenský národný archív (Slovak National Archives). The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the digitized collection via the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum International Archives Project in March 2017.
    Record last modified:
    2023-07-06 08:06:09
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn558388

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