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Oral history interview with Stefan Fuma

Oral History | Accession Number: 2017.132.1 | RG Number: RG-50.106.0261

Stefan Fuma (né Sigurd Ilarius Fuhrman), born on September 5, 1941 in Czernowitz (Chernivtsi), Ukraine, discusses being an only child; his mother Esther Litvack and his father Isidore, who was a dental surgeon who had studied in Bologna and Vienna (Nazis attacked his father in Vienna and broke his teeth); having a large extended family; how half of the town was Jewish; Germany declaring war; Romanian troops entering Czernowitz and forming a ghetto in September 5, 1941; his mother taking off her yellow star to go outside of the ghetto; the deportation of his father in October 1941 to a camp in Golda and his return; the transport of his paternal relatives to Mogdilev in Transylvania on the Ukrainian side of the Nestor River and dying from typhoid fever in a ghetto; staying with his parents in a rental apartment all during the war until the Russians came; the divorce of his parents; his father’s move to Bucharest, Romania; his mother becoming ill from scarlet fever, during which time he was in an orphanage for seven months; going to Bucharest in May 1946; moving to Siret; living in Bucharest with his father for the eighth grade; living with his mother again and attending high school in Radowicz; studying power engineering in college in Bucharest, where he was the only Jew in his dormitory and was criticized so he changed his name to Fuma; working in a water plant and being a member of Young Workers Organization until he was 26; his father going to Philadelphia, PA and Stefan being told by government security to get his father back; getting married in 1968 to Simona Weinglass; immigrating with his wife and daughter in March 1973 to Philadelphia; becoming a US citizen in 1979; working as a draftsman in York, PA; living in Israel from 1986 to 1990; studying philosophy, then computers, artificial intelligence, and programming; moving to Virginia in 2006 and to Washington, DC in 2011; retiring at age 75; and identifying as Jewish and American.

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Stefan Fuma
Gail Schwartz
interview:  2017 April 20
1 digital file : WAV.
Record last modified: 2020-03-26 09:38:21
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