Trial and hanging of German war criminals; US Army returns home
Home movies of trial and hanging of a German war criminal (Alfons Klein?) convicted in October 1945 by U.S. Army court of the Hadamar euthanasia murders sent to the gallows in March 1946 and footage of the embarkation and return home to New York of Army troops filmed by war correspondent Murray Young of the Overseas Press Club.
"At the trial of the Hadamar ‘injection’ murderers.” Men sit in the courtroom. Dark shots of people in the courtroom. “RETRIBUTION!,” “The hanging of five German murderers of six downed American airmen” “Bruchsal Prison, south of Heidelberg” Guards set up the gallows at the prison. Stairs leading up to the platform. HAS, soldiers lead one of the German offenders up to the gallows. They place a black bag around his head, the noose, and he is hanged. They take his body out from beneath the platform and move it into a coffin.
"Returning to America from Le Havre, France” “Camp Home Run staging area. The old French fort, German modernized.” Two men on top of a white building, part of Camp Home Run. HAS, area, destroyed ship in the water. Men with luggage walk up a ramp onto a large ship at the dock. Smoke flows out of the ship’s funnel. The ship moves through the water as the sun sets. View of a ship cruising the ocean from above. The bow of a ship moves up and down as it cuts through the water. Porthole view of another ship going by. Maritime signal flags on the ship’s mast. Soldiers on the deck look out at a peninsula. MS, facade of a building: “United States of America.” American flag on a red building with large fluted columns. “The End.”
Record last modified: 2020-04-03 09:48:50
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Also in MacDonald Collection
J. Fred MacDonald, a longtime professor of history at Northeastern Illinois University until his retirement, amassed one of the world’s largest personal collections of films: 40,000 reels of film, as well as 40,000 hours of recordings of radio broadcasts. This collection, with its huge diversity, reflected the scope of MacDonald's interests and imagination. The Library of Congress purchased the collection in 2010 and is gradually processing it. The collection is famous for its variety and has been characterized as “a bottomless well of oddities." MacDonald published six books, including "Blacks and White TV: African Americans in Television Since 1948"; "Television and the Red Menace: The Video Road to Vietnam"; and "Don’t Touch That Dial! Radio Programming in American Life from 1920 to 1960." He made much of his work freely available in online reproductions. Fred MacDonald died on 9 April 2015. He was 74.
1938-1939. Color - Young boy plays ball. Family walks along path in the woods. They smile and play. B/W- the women perform for the camera. Men run and jump over a string tied between two trees. Color - The family walks around the city and enter their apartment. Street scenes. Building under construction. B/W - EXT, boy sits in a motorcycle sidecar on the street with the apartment. A woman takes his place and they take off. Boy waves at the camera. Color - Family boards a boat and sails, Nazi flag at the back of the boat. “BISMARCKWARTE.” They arrive at “Marienlust. Besitzer Paul Pozin” port. B/W - Walk in the woods. They eat pickles on the boat. Men fish under a bridge, “Wernsdorfer Seebrücke.” CUs, family. Color - Young couple take out a rowboat. Bouquet of flowers. A large Nazi flag. MS, children with grandmother in wheelchair. Boy plays a toy trumpet. “Kodak”
1936-1938. Handwritten intertitles. “Der neue Mantel fuer….” Women exit clothing shop with a shopping bag. “Hoppegarten” Horses race around track. Woman with glasses with an umbrella. “beim Da X.” Women with still picture camera. Woman with fur looks on the water with binoculars. Women sit at table on a balcony, CUs. Garden walkway. Sailboats and rowers. Hitler Youth on waterfront. Group of three walks along path, eat. Slow motion of a young man hopping over a wheelbarrow. INT, CUs, man eating. INT, chocolate shop. Pet bird in a cage. Nazi soldier stands next to election poster of Adolf Hitler (in Berlin?) "SPD". Family walk in the woods. Signs, “NACH Schmetterlingshorst” and “Terrassen Restaurant Waldschanke.” Woman carries drinks, family eats indoors. Woman exits home, walks down the street, and boards a trolley. Station sign: “Cöpenick.” The group boards a boat, snacks. Raising gate. Houses along the river bank. Dock, “Ferch Haus am See.” They walk in the woods and picnic. Sailboats. Small Nazi flag on boat, continues through the canal.
Narration. U.S. War Dept. Misc. 1170. Different houses of worship. People pray, sing. Ministers, priests and rabbis. American soldiers read the Bible. “Battles are won by military power, wars are won by spiritual power.” Military chaplains present communion wafers to soldiers kneeling. Army chaplain provides a group of soldiers with cigarettes, magazines, and letters. They smile and laugh. Chaplain writes and converses with soldiers. Sermon on a massive anti-aircraft weapon. Soldiers read bibles. A chaplain uses broadcasting technology to deliver sermons to men on the battlefront. Locals and soldiers build a church in the jungle. “Sunday Services, 9 AM.” Rabbi leads services. Men sit at a table for the Passover Seder. matzah. More services for each religious group. A Japanese-American chaplain leads services from a pamphlet - “hymns from home.” Services on a battleship. An explosion, landing craft on beach. American soldiers in liberated Germany. A chaplain in a German church. Rabbi with Torah scrolls. Christmas mass in “a conquered German town east of the Rhine.” Chaplains comfort those who have been injured in battle. Funeral prayers in front of a row of graves marked by wooden crosses and the Star of David. Churches in the U.S. An intertitle with FDR quote, “For we need divine guidance that this people may be a humble people… humble in spirit but strong in the conviction of the right. Steadfast to endure sacrifice, and brave to achieve a victory of liberty and peace.”
1937-1938. Color - INT, family at home, neatly set table. Boy with his mother. Nazi flags hanging from windows. The young boy and his grandmother look down from the open window. Apt. 87. CUs of guests. Boy celebrates his fourth birthday. Gifts, toy train set, box of chocolates. He smiles at the camera. Food. Two men play chess. B/W - boy takes a bath and mother combs hair. The family greets women at the train station. Park. Toy store: “Döring.” Apartment. The boy walks outside eating a banana. He plays in a sandbox.