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Oral history interview with Albert Grinholtz

Oral History | Accession Number: 2017.295.15 | RG Number: RG-50.957.0014

Albert Grinholtz, born on December 4, 1920 in Opoczno, Poland, discusses his family’s move to Paris, France in 1922 (he went with his father first and then his mother and little brother arrived later); being summoned along with his younger brother to register at the commissariat de police on May 14, 1941; being taken to the Gare d’Austerlitz and sent to Pithiviers, where he stayed for 13 months; being deported on June 25, 1942 to Auschwitz-Birkenau by cattle car, while his parents remained behind in Paris; the conditions of deportation and arrival in Birkenau; how the camp was not yet completed and the men were housed in the women’s barracks; the daily routine, brutality, and construction work brigade; being selected as one of 22 barbers to shave daily both the Germans and prisoners, about 450 men a day, and this work providing him with a bit more food; working on the construction of an Olympic pool in Birkenau, which was used for Nazi propaganda; his work cutting fuelwood for the mines nearby; the situation in January 1945 as the Germans began their retreat and the evacuation and murder of Jewish prisoners; hiding in the kitchen, unseen in the chaos, and being liberated later; being evacuated to Marseille, France on June 18, 1945; going to Budapest, Hungary and Bucharest, Romania, where he was taken care of by the Joint; and returning to Paris.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Albert Grinholtz
Interviewer
Andrew Nagorski
Date
interview:  1994 October 31
Language
French
Extent
1 sound cassette.
Credit Line
Permanent Collection. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Gift of Andrew Nagorski
 
Record last modified: 2020-05-27 12:51:26
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn562402