Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Harry Lindauer papers

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2017.555.1

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward

    Harry Lindauer papers

    Please select from the following options:


    The collection documents the family history of Harry Lindauer (born Heinz Lindauer), including his childhood in Buttenhausen and Darmstadt, Germany, his immigration to the United States in 1936, his military experiences during World War II, and his post-war research of Lindauer genealogy and the Jews of Buttenhausen. Included are identification documents, immigration papers, personal narratives, military papers and intelligence reports, genealogy research, correspondence, and photographs.

    Biographical materials include family history research, identification documents including birth and vaccination certificates, report cards, Harry’s German passport and workbook (arbeitsbuch), World War II military documents and intelligence reports, and personal narratives regarding Harry’s World War II military experiences. There are also documents related to Harry’s involvement with sports in Darmstadt in 1935, including a letter demanding the return of a medal because Harry was Jewish. The scrapbook primarily documents trips in the 1980s and 1990s to Germany and an award from the Federal Republic of Germany in 1988. Some of Harry’s army papers regard his aviation cadet application. The military intelligence reports include the first interview with Wehrmacht Captain Rupperecht Gerngross, the leader of an unsuccessful anti-Nazi revolt, and a manifest issued by the Bavarian Freedom Movement authored by Gerngross.

    The correspondence includes letters (photocopies) to Harry from his parents Karl and Emma Lindauer on Hamburg America Line stationary in 1939 and a letter where he describes his childhood in Germany. Other correspondence includes a photocopy of a letter send to Karl Lindauer in Great Britain from his sister in law Klara Nassauer in Darmstadt via the Red Cross.

    Photographs include pre-war depictions of Harry and his family in Darmstadt, Harry in the United States Army, and Buttenhausen and Darmstadt. Army photographs include depictions of Harry in Europe with Captain Henry Mohr.

    Buttenhausen materials consist of research materials and publications related primarily to the Jewish families of Buttenhausen, including deportations during the Holocaust.
    inclusive:  1918-2001
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of David B. Lindauer
    Collection Creator
    Harry Lindauer
    Heinz S. Lindauer (1918-2006) was born in 1918, the son of Karl Lindauer (1880-1969) and Emma Östreich Lindauer (1884-1974). The Lindauer family settled in Buttenhausen, Germany in 1787, one of twenty-five Jewish families who received the right to do so from Freiherr Philipp Friedrich von Liebenstein. Karl Lindauer and his brothers established a cigar factory in town. The family home, store, and factory were all adjacent and located close to St. Michael’s church, the steeple of which was funded by the Jewish community. Emma Oestreich was a pediatric nurse who had come to Buttenhausen from Seligstadt to care for a newborn in the Lindauer family. Their daughter Lotte Gretel was born in 1914.

    While maintaining the Lindauer home and business in Buttenhausen, in 1930 the immediate family moved to Darmstadt. There Heinz completed his high school studies and then apprenticed at a banking firm until 1935. Actively involved in local sports clubs, he won a number of prizes. A badge that he received for cycle racing was rescinded just days later as he was informed that the event was only open to cyclists of Aryan descent. After receiving this notification, Heinz began trying to make arrangements to emigrate. A cousin, Philip Reinauer, who lived in Chicago supplied an affidavit for Heinz, and he left Germany in July 1936. Emma Lindauer made every effort to convince other family members to emigrate, and all of the relatives were able to evacuate their children. Lotte left for the U.S. in 1937, and Karl and Emma were finally able to leave for London in 1939. After the Blitz they were evacuated to the Scottish Highlands and in 1943 were able to join their children in Chicago.

    Heinz, now Harry, was drafted into the Army in March 1941, one of Chicago’s first draftees. He served on the West Coast and in Alaska until 1944. After graduating from Officers' Candidate School, he was commissioned a second lieutenant in the Transportation Corps. Harry was a translator and prisoner-of-war interrogator on the staff of Gen. George S. Patton Jr. After the war, he helped establish denazification procedures for the city of Nuremberg and assisted the civil-military governing authority until his discharge in January 1946. He was awarded the Bronze Star.

    After returning to Chicago, he met Thea Kahn, also a refugee from Nazi Germany. They married in 1946. Harry worked for Pabst Brewing Co. before he rejoined the Army in 1951 and worked in intelligence in Korea. Making the military his career, he was stationed in Japan, Germany and Vietnam, where he received a second Bronze Star with an Oak Leaf Cluster and the Vietnamese Gallantry Cross with Gold Star.

    The Lindauers moved to Annapolis in 1967, and he retired in 1970 from his last post at the Army Intelligence School at Fort Holabird in Baltimore. The Lindauers volunteered at the American Red Cross Holocaust and War Victims Tracing and Information Center in Baltimore. They championed the construction of the Naval Academy All-Faith Chapel in 1980 and the Academy's Uriah P. Levy Center and Jewish Chapel which opened in 2005. A lamp which had been rescued from the Buttenhausen Synagogue on Kristallnacht and left at the Lindauer home was preserved by the family and donated to the chapel.

    Col. Lindauer’s decorations also included the Commander's Cross of the Federal Order of Merit, awarded in 1988 by the German government in recognition of his efforts to facilitate German-American friendship during his military career and as a civilian including designing a Judaism and Holocaust study program for German 10th-grade students.

    Harry and Thea Lindauer had three children, a son, David, and two daughters, M. Joan Gregory and Robin Lang of Severn. Harry Lindauer passed away in 2006.

    Physical Details

    German English
    1 box
    2 oversize boxes
    System of Arrangement
    The collection is arranged as four series. Series 1. Biographical material, 1918-1945, 1984-1996; Series 2. Correspondence, 1938-circa 1990; Series 3. Photographs, 1920-1979; Series 4. Buttenhausen, 1988-2001

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Corporate Name
    United States. Army

    Administrative Notes

    Donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2017 by David B. Lindauer, son of Harry Lindauer.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-25 18:04:25
    This page: