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Selected records from the French Protectorates of Morocco and Tunisia, Syria and Lebanon under French mandate after WWI until after WWII, and the French Embassy in Madrid.

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2013.65 | RG Number: RG-43.154

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    This collection consists of selected administrative records from the former French protectorates of Morocco and Tunisia and related files from the “Syria-Lebanon” collection and from the French Embassy in Madrid. The documents originate from a variety of sectors of the colonial administration including the departments of the interior, immigration, public health and welfare, religious affairs, and foreign affairs, as well as police, public works, postal, military, and municipal records. Military records relate to internment camps, prisoners of war, and censorship. Municipal records document wartime aid to indigent non-Jewish families by a special committee (Comité ouvrier de soutien immediate), which requisitioned Jewish law offices and levied an exorbitant fine on the Jewish population to pay for its services. Many of materials relate to the postwar purge of collaborationists, clandestine Jewish immigration to Palestine before and immediately after the end of the war, and massacres of Jews following declaration of the state of Israel, including police photos from the Résidence Générale of Morocco and the Collection of Jacques Beilin, a house photographer there.
    inclusive:  1912-1956
    Levisse-Touzé, Christine. L’Afrique du Nord dans la guerre 1939-1945. Paris: Albin Michel, 1998.

    Martin, Jean-François. Histoire de la Tunisie contemporaine de Ferry à Bourguiba 1881-1956. Paris: L’Harmattan, 2003.

    Mestiri, Saïd. Le ministère Chenik : à la poursuite de l’autonomie interne. Tunis: Arcs Editions, 1991.

    Les ports maritimes de la Tunisie, les ports de Tunis-Goulette, Sousse et Sfax. Tunis: Direction des Travaux Publics, 1939.

    Reconstruction. Album de commémoration Mast-Lamine Bey. Tunis: La Résidence Générale, 1945.

    Sabille, Jacques. Les Juifs de Tunisie sous Vichy et l’occupation. Paris: Editions du Centre, 1954.

    Vermeren, Pierre. La formation des élites marocaines et tunisiennes 1920-2000 : des nationalistes aux islamistes. Paris: La Découverte, 2002.

    Zemerli, Sadok. La Tunisie sous le règne de Moncef Bey, 1942-1943. (in Arabic)

    Bensoussan, Georges. Juifs en pays arabe. Le grand déracinement 1850-1975. Paris: Tallandier, 2012

    C.O.S.I. Comité ouvrier de secours immédiat. Paris: Imprimerie centrale de la presse, 1942

    Physical Details

    204,318 digital images : JPEG ; 337 GB .
    1 CD ; 4 3/4 in..
    2 DVDs.
    System of Arrangement
    The collection is arranged in five series:

    Series 1: French Protectorate in Morocco
    Subseries 1: Diplomatic office (1MA_5)
    Subseries 2: Office of the delegate to the General Residence (1MA_10)
    Subseries 3: General Residence, Legislation department (1MA_20)
    Subseries 4: Interior department (1MA_200)
    Subseries 5: Interior department: Jewish questions (1MA-250)
    Subseries 6: Department of Cherifian affairs (1MA_300)
    Subseries 7: Casablanca region (11MA_900)
    Subseries 8: Marrakech region (13MA_900)
    Subseries 9: Oujda region (15MA_900)
    Subseries 10: Rabat region (16MA_900)

    Series 2: French Protectorate in Tunisia
    Subseries 1: Security Services Directorate: General Intelligence Service (1TU_701)
    Subseries 2: Diplomatic office (1TU-1S)
    Subseries 3: Diplomatic office: Bernard filing (1TU-1V)
    Subseries 4: Civilian control of Sfax (1TU-2V)
    Subseries 5: Grandchamp papers (1TU-126)
    Subseries 6: Series C - Chancellery (1TU-500)
    Subseries 7: Superior council of inquiry (2TU-5)

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    This material can only be accessed in a Museum reading room or other on-campus viewing stations. No other access restrictions apply to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Authorization from the Directorate of the Archives of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs (France) is required for duplication of records for commercial use, publication on Internet, and distribution of records on any media. See USHMM Library reference desk for the contact information.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the collection from the Centre d’archives diplomatiques de Nantes (CADN) du Ministère des Affaires étrangères français (Diplomatic Archives of the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs in Nantes) in 2013. The documents originate from the French administration of Protectorates in Morocco, starting in 1913, and Tunisia, from roughly the same period. Many of these records were still in the state of disarray in which they were abandoned in 1956, when Morocco and Tunisia declared their independence. It was decided that, before reproduction, a researcher would catalogue the documents of interest to the USHMM Archives and, in some cases, create whole new collections. Copies of some of the microfilms made in the 1980’s are included from the collections of the Résidence Générale of Morocco and the Jacques Beilin Collection. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the collection via the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum’s International Archives Project in 2013, and accretion in July 2017.
    Record last modified:
    2023-05-24 07:31:43
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