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Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 20 kronen note, acquired by the Hidden Child Foundation

Object | Accession Number: 2017.478.2

Scrip, valued at 20 kronen, distributed in Theresienstadt (Terezin) ghetto-labor camp and later acquired by the Hidden Child Foundation/Anti-Defamation League. At Theresienstadt, currency was confiscated from inmates and replaced with scrip, which could only be used in the camp. The scrip was part of an elaborate illusion to make the camp seem normal and appear as though workers were being paid for their labor, but the money had no real monetary value. The scrip was printed by the National Bank in Prague in 7 denominations: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100. The notes are dated 1 January 1943, but were not distributed until May 1943. Peter Kien, a Czechoslovakian poet, artist, and inmate of Theresienstadt designed the notes, but his original design was rejected by SS General Reinhard Heydrich. He was ordered to make Moses appear more stereotypically Semitic in appearance and to arrange Moses’s hand so that it is covering one of the commandments.

Date
publication:  1943 January 01
use:  after 1943 May-before 1945 May 09
Geography
issue: Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Language
German
Hebrew
Classification
Exchange Media
Category
Money
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Genre/Form
Money.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Hidden Child Foundation/ADL
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:27:36
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn593621