Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 20 kronen note, acquired by the Hidden Child Foundation
1943 January 01
use: after 1943 May-before 1945 May 09
Theresienstadt (Concentration camp);
Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Hidden Child Foundation/ADL
Scrip, valued at 20 kronen, distributed in Theresienstadt (Terezin) ghetto-labor camp and later acquired by the Hidden Child Foundation/Anti-Defamation League. At Theresienstadt, currency was confiscated from inmates and replaced with scrip, which could only be used in the camp. The scrip was part of an elaborate illusion to make the camp seem normal and appear as though workers were being paid for their labor, but the money had no real monetary value. The scrip was printed by the National Bank in Prague in 7 denominations: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100. The notes are dated 1 January 1943, but were not distributed until May 1943. Peter Kien, a Czechoslovakian poet, artist, and inmate of Theresienstadt designed the notes, but his original design was rejected by SS General Reinhard Heydrich. He was ordered to make Moses appear more stereotypically Semitic in appearance and to arrange Moses’s hand so that it is covering one of the commandments.
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:27:36
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn593621
Also in Hidden Child Foundation records
The collection consists of documents, media, correspondence, and a piece of Theresienstadt scrip, relating to the Hidden Child Foundation (a part of the Anti-Defamation League), in New York after the Holocaust.
The Hidden Child Foundation/ADL records consist of conference materials, correspondence, photographs, printed materials, readers files, Speakers Bureau materials, subject files, testimonies, personal accounts, photographs and photocopies of personal stories, and audiovisual and electronic materials documenting the Hidden Child Foundation/ADL and its work organizing conferences, providing speakers, hosting memorial and holiday events, and providing reference and tracing services for Holocaust survivors who were hidden as children during the Holocaust and who are searching for relatives, acquaintances, and information about their experiences. The collection also includes many personal stories about the experiences of hidden children during the Holocaust.