Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 20 kronen note, acquired by the Hidden Child Foundation
1943 January 01
use: after 1943 May-before 1945 May 09
Theresienstadt (Concentration camp);
Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Hidden Child Foundation/ADL
Scrip, valued at 20 kronen, distributed in Theresienstadt (Terezin) ghetto-labor camp and later acquired by the Hidden Child Foundation/Anti-Defamation League. At Theresienstadt, currency was confiscated from inmates and replaced with scrip, which could only be used in the camp. The scrip was part of an elaborate illusion to make the camp seem normal and appear as though workers were being paid for their labor, but the money had no real monetary value. The scrip was printed by the National Bank in Prague in 7 denominations: 1, 2, 5, 10, 20, 50, and 100. The notes are dated 1 January 1943, but were not distributed until May 1943. Peter Kien, a Czechoslovakian poet, artist, and inmate of Theresienstadt designed the notes, but his original design was rejected by SS General Reinhard Heydrich. He was ordered to make Moses appear more stereotypically Semitic in appearance and to arrange Moses’s hand so that it is covering one of the commandments.
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:30:12
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn593621
Also in Hidden Child Foundation records
The collection consists of documents, media, correspondence, and a piece of Theresienstadt scrip, relating to the Hidden Child Foundation (a part of the Anti-Defamation League), in New York after the Holocaust.
The Hidden Child Foundation/ADL records consist of conference materials, correspondence, photographs, printed materials, readers files, Speakers Bureau materials, subject files, testimonies, personal accounts, photographs and photocopies of personal stories, and audiovisual and electronic materials documenting the Hidden Child Foundation/ADL and its work organizing conferences, providing speakers, hosting memorial and holiday events, and providing reference and tracing services for Holocaust survivors who were hidden as children during the Holocaust and who are searching for relatives, acquaintances, and information about their experiences. The collection also includes many personal stories about the experiences of hidden children during the Holocaust. Conference materials include announcements, invitations, clippings, correspondence, rosters, planning information, publicity, programs, registration information, schedules, and workshop materials documenting the Hidden Child conferences planned and led by the Hidden Child Foundation as well as additional conferences planned and led by other hidden child organizations. The correspondence series consists of a handful of alphabetical correspondence files as well as chronological fax and email files. Additional correspondence can be found in the Conferences, Readers files, and Speakers Bureau series. Photographs primarily document Hidden Child Foundation conferences, events, and holiday celebrations and are arranged chronologically. Printed materials consist of catalogs, pamphlets, newsletters, essays, articles, and clippings documenting the Holocaust and hidden children and written by the Hidden Child Foundation, the AntiDefamation League, historians, and former hidden children. Readers files consist of correspondence (mostly outgoing correspondence) thanking donors for financial donations, participating in events, or sharing stories; answering questions about the HCF newsletter and acknowledging contributions to it; announcing events; addressing requests for speakers; responding to requests to trace survivors; sharing information about the Foundation’s work; and coordinating the Foundation’s work with other child survivor and Holocaust memory organizations. Speakers Bureau files consist of speaker applications, contact lists, correspondence, requests for speakers and confirmations, and thank you letters documenting the work of the Speakers Bureau, its speakers, and their popularity. Subject files consist of correspondence, printed materials, contact lists, and speeches documenting topics such as child survivor groups, hidden children, and memorial projects. Testimonies, personal accounts, photographs and photocopies of personal stories include personal narratives (of various length, some rough, some polished); photographs, copy prints, and photocopies of photographs; photocopies of original Holocaust-era documents; poems; reflections; narratives about family members and acquaintances; and a handful of original Holocaust-era documents. These records document the experiences of hidden children throughout Europe during the Holocaust and are arranged alphabetically by name of hidden child. This series also include search requests posted to bulletin boards during Hidden Child conferences and events. Audiovisual and electronic materials consist of CDs, DVDs, videocassettes, and audiocassettes containing recordings of conference sessions, media coverage, and special events.