Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Alexander Bachnár papers

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2004.104.2

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward

    Alexander Bachnár papers
    Loading

    Please select from the following options:

    Overview

    Description
    The Alexander Bachnár papers consist of correspondence and biographical, photographic, and printed materials documenting Bachnár’s forced work on Sixth Labor Battalion (VI Prapor) in Slovakia during World War II, his confinement to the Nováky labor camp for Jews, his participation in armed resistance with partisans, awards he received for his wartime service, and his work as a journalist after the war.

    Biographical materials include certificates, correspondence, lists, speeches, and an interview documenting Alexander Bachnár, his forced work on the Slovak Jewish labor battalion, his confinement to the Nováky labor camp, his military service with partisans, awards he received for his wartime service, and his work as a journalist after the war. This series also includes an identification card issued at the Nováky labor camp to Gizella Bachnerova, Bachnár’s sister-in-law, who was later shot into an open pit in Kremnica with her two sons.

    Correspondence includes three letters to Bachnár from former students at the Nováky labor camp, a letter to him from the family who helped his partisan unit during the war, and a postcard from Erich Roth who was imprisoned at Majdanek to his aunt Lotte Gross.

    Photographic material include photographs and copies documenting Nováky and other Jewish labor camps, the partisans with whom Bachnár fought, the Jenis family in Skýcov, the Mauthausen memorial, and Bachnár’s daughter Alexandra Tothova. Nováky Jewish Council members depicted include Ervin Dick, Emanuel Fürst, Dr. Braun, Dr. Mandler, Dr. Neumann, Dr. Špira, Juraj Spitzer, Elo Gross, Ivan Székely, Pavel Weinwurm, Ing. Löwenbein, Ferdinand Goldstein, Mr. Rosenbaum, Tibor Pethö, and Imrich Rosenthal. Partisans depicted in the photographs include Major Zorich, Imrich Muller, Edita Ernst, Jan Schönfeld, and Vojtech Friedmann. This series also includes a list of descriptions of photographs, at least one of which is included in this series. Many of the photographs appear to have been taken by Juraj Spitzer.

    Printed materials include a 1947 postcard from the State Museum of Auschwitz, a clipping celebrating Bachnár’s 50th birthday, a post-1989 clipping listing Bachnár as a reactionary element, and a 1965 clipping from the Polish daily newspaper Glos Pracy.
    Date
    inclusive:  circa 1940-2002
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Alexander Báchnar
    Collection Creator
    Alexander Bachnár
    Biography
    Alexander Bachnár (né Bachner) was born on July 29, 1919 in Topolčany, Czechoslovakia (now Slovakia) to painter Jakub Bachner and his wife Františka Bachner (née Steckauer). He attended the Pedagogical School in Bratislava until anti-Semitic measure forced him out. He was drafted into the Sixth Labor Battalion (VI Prapor) in February 1940 and transferred to the Nováky labor camp for Jews in June 1942, where he performed manual labor, taught children, and served as the camp’s primary school director. When the Slovak National Uprising began and the Nováky labor camp was liquidated in August 1944, Bachnár participated in the uprising, took command of a Jewish partisan group, and took part in the fighting in central Slovakia. He, his sister Ela, and his father were the only members of their large family to survive the Holocaust. After the war, he worked as a journalist and editor for Bojovník, the Pravda printing house, the daily Práca, and at the Institute of Health Education. He was fired from both Pravda and Práca for political reasons and expelled from the Communist Party in 1968 or 1969. He served as Secretary General of the National Anti-Fascist Committee from 1989-1995.

    Physical Details

    Language
    Slovak German English
    Genre/Form
    Photographs.
    Extent
    15 folders
    System of Arrangement
    The Alexander Bachnár papers are arranged as four series:
    I. Biographical materials, 1942-2002
    II. Correspondence, approximately 1943-1945
    III: Photographic material, approximately 1940-1995
    IV: Printed material, 1947-approximately 1990

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    Alexander Bachnár donated his papers to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2004 and 2017. The accession formerly cataloged as 2017.416.1 has been incorporated into this collection.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Primary Number
    2004.104.2
    Record last modified:
    2023-04-11 09:46:33
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn593847