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War-time and post WW II trial records of soldiers and civilians, accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity during WW II

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2018.161.1 | RG Number: RG-43.166

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    Selected trials of members of the Gestapo and the SD, soldiers, people who collaborated with Germans, high-ranking members of the French armed forces, and civilians accused of war crimes against humanity during WWII. The trials took place at the Military Tribunals in several places, e.g. Bordeaux, Lyon, Marseille, Metz, Paris,Tunis, and others, and consider following subjects: Camps, Criminales de Guerre (Individuals tried for war crimes); Gestap-SD; Massacres. The trials did not necessarily took place in the geographical region where the crimes were committed. On the contrary, the trials are often deliberately held at a distance from that place; Contains also a “Série 52”, the systematic search for war criminals over all of French territory (It is also called the SRCGE).

    Note: The tribunals were not under normal military jurisdiction for court martials, judging members of the military, but were called “extra-ordinary” and went by several names: “Tribunal militaire”-TM; “Tribunal militaire permanent”-TMP; “Tribunal permanent des forces alliés à Paris” (Permanent Tribunal of Allied Forces)-TFAP. Other helpful abbreviations: jgt- judgment, NL-non lieu (an affair was never brought to trial because the perpetrator died or the military tribunal declared itself not competent to judge the affair) or ONL (ordonnances de non lieu).
    inclusive:  1948-1967
    Collection Creator
    France. Tribunal militaire

    Physical Details

    French German English
    500,947 digital images.
    System of Arrangement
    Arranged in two groups: 1. Procedures (Trials); 2. "Series 52" (SRCGE collection). Files are organized by subjects and a location of the trials. Under each tribunal, the trials are arranged chronologically. "Series 52" is arranged numerically according to the numbers attributed to selected files.

    Note: Names of the files can be misleading. For example, a file entitled “Rivesaltes” may not relate to the internment camp of this name, but instead refers to a private château situated in this commune. The place was wrecked and pillaged after the occupation of German soldiers. They were obliged to leave rapidly and head north after the Allied landing in Normandy.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    This material can only be accessed in a Museum reading room or other on-campus viewing stations. No other access restrictions apply to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Any use of the collection must comply with the regulation of the Commission nationale de l'informatique et des libertes (CNIL), France. Use by USHMM (Museum) of the digital reproductions of documents held by the archival repositories of the Ministry of Defense and the information contained therein for any other purpose than consultation in the reading rooms or through the intranet servers of the Museum (for example, for an exhibition or a publication) is not permitted by the Cooperative Agreement and requires a specific request made to the Ministry of Defense. Any request to reproduce or use reproductions coming from researchers or users at the Museum must be addressed to the archival repository of the Ministry of Defense that holds the original document.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Source of acquisition is the Dépôt central d’archives de la justice militaire (DCAJM), France. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum received the filmed collection via the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum International Archival Programs Division in March 2018; accretions: Nov. 2018, and July 2019.
    Note: This is a long-term project conducted by the USHMM in cooperation with French Ministry of Defense and the French Shoah Memorial.
    Record last modified:
    2023-08-25 08:12:50
    This page:

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