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Michael Schwartz memoirs

Document | Not Digitized | Accession Number: 2015.350.1

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    Consists of one typed memoir, 85 pages, entitled "Memoirs," written in 2006 by Michael Schwartz, originally of Debrecen, Hungary. In the memoir, he describes his childhood in Hungary; his father's disappearance while part of a forced labor battalion, his deportation to Auschwitz, where his mother, sister, and grandmother were murdered; his subsequent deportation to Dachau with his brother, Tibor; their liberation in April 1945 and return to Hungary; their immigration to the United States in 1947; and their post-war lives in America.
    creation:  2006
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Michael Schwartz
    Collection Creator
    Michael Schwartz
    Michael Schwartz was born Miklosh Schwartz in 1928 in Debrecen, Hungary, to Peter and Gizella (née Grosz) Schwartz. He had a younger brother, Tibor, and younger sister, Magda. Michael attended school, and was sometimes subjected to antisemitic taunts on his way to school. The family were proud Hungarians and the children were taught not to hold any religious prejudices. Their Christian nanny bought them a Christmas tree every year. In the early years of World War II, Peter Schwartz was sent to a forced labor battalion; he disappeared in December 1943. In the spring of 1944, the family was sent to a ghetto and from there, deported to Auschwitz. Michael and Tibor were selected for labor, while Gizella, Magda and Gizella's mother were murdered upon arrival. Soon thereafter, the brothers were sent to Dachau. At the end of April 1945, they were sent away from Dachau by train, but were liberated by the American army. After liberation, they returned to Hungary but quickly decided to go to the American occupation zone instead. With the help of an aunt in the United States, Michael and Tibor immigrated to America in 1947. He married Flo ("Angel") in January 1950, and became an American citizen in 1952. They couple had two daughters, Gail and Robyne.

    Physical Details

    1 folder

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    The donor, source institution, or a third party has asserted copyright over some or all of these material(s). The Museum does not own the copyright for the material and does not have authority to authorize use. For permission, please contact the rights holder(s).

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Debrecen (Hungary)

    Administrative Notes

    Michael Schwartz donated a copy of his memoir to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2015.
    Record last modified:
    2024-01-25 11:41:45
    This page:

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