Isidor Gross papers
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Judith Gross
The Isidor Gross papers consist of documents and photographs that concern the family, immigration, and United States Army service of German born Jew, Isidor Gross. After being arrested by the Gestapo in 1938, Isidor and his father Markus fled Aachen, Germany for the United States and successfully rescued his mother and two younger siblings from a holding camp. Included in this collection are several documents from Isidor’s childhood in Germany, among them, his birth certificate, school report card, and employment workbook. Also included are papers documenting Isidor’s naturalization as a United States citizen, his enlistment, assignments, coursework, and discharge from the US Army, and some material related to restitution claims. Photographs of the Gross family in Aachen and Brooklyn are also comprised in this collection.
Record last modified: 2018-01-26 12:03:03
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn60746
Also in Edward Isidor Gross collection
The collection consists of a sports club patch, documents, photographs, and publications relating to the experiences of Edward Isadore Gross and his family before the war in Aachen, Germany, and during the war in the United States, when Edward was in the United States Army.
Date: approximately 1920-1945
White sleeve badge worn by Isidore (later Edward) Gross as a teenager when he played soccer with the Maccabi Sports Club in Aachen, Germany. He lived with his parents, Markus and Ida, and two younger siblings in Aachen, Germany. His parents had been born in Poland, but had lived in Aachen since 1920. Since the establishment of the Nazi dictatorship in1933, Jew were increasingly persecuted in Germany. In fall 1938, Markus was deported back to Poland by the German authorities. Following Kristallnacht on November 9-10. Isidore, age 17, and his maternal uncle Jacob were arrested. Isidore was released because he could prove he was planning to leave Germany. Jacob was sent to Sachenhausen concentration camp where he died in late 1939 or early 1940. Markus was released from Zbaszyn holding camp in Poland once his family got him a US visa. In 1939, Edward and Markus immigrated to New York. Edward’s mother and siblings, Ida, Lena, and Morris, were held in Gruener Weg camp in Aachen but, in 1941, arrived in the US via Portugal. In 1943, Edward was drafted into the US Army. He served with the 703rd Engineer Petroleum Distributing Company in campaigns in North Africa and Italy. Most of the extended Gross and Reiter families in Europe perished in the Holocaust.