Record last modified: 2021-05-12 12:48:40
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn607781
Also in John Vincent Tillman collection
The collection consists of a Mother's Cross medal, documents, two reels of 16mm film, one photograph, and publication relating to the experiences of John Vincent Tillman as an American student in Germany from 1935 and 1936 and after his return to the United States.
Ehrenkreuz der deutschen Mutter [Cross of Honor of the German Mother] was a civilian award instituted following a December 16, 1938, decree by Adolph Hitler to encourage German women to bear more children. Recipient were nominated by the Nazi Party or a government official and had to be of pure German origin and good character. The medal was issued from 1939-1944 in three levels: first class, gold, for mothers with eight or more children; second class, silver, for six to seven children; third class, bronze for four to five children. Known as the Mutterkreuz (Mother's Cross), approximately three million medals were presented to German women.
The John Vincent Tillman papers include his diary and manuscript describing his travels in Germany in 1935 and 1936, a photograph of him, and pamphlets from the “Schaffendes Volk” exhibition in Düsseldorf.
Special double issue of the illustrated German theater periodical, Die Buhne, for Empire Theater Week in Munich, Germany, in May 1936. It has a preface by the Reich Minister of Propaganda, Dr. Joseph Goebbels.