Moses Adam papers
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Rita Margolis
Consists of photographs, documents, and restitution paperwork for Moses Adam (later Maury Adams), originally of Przemyśl, Poland. Mr. Adam spent the war in the Przemyśl ghetto, in the Plaszow, Starachowice, and Auschwitz concentration camps, and was sent on a forced march to Mauthausen, and was liberated from Ebensee. Includes pre-war photographs of the family, his metal identification tag from Ebensee, an X-ray of Mr. Adam's chest immediately after liberation, a post-war photograph, extensive restitution files related to his health, and a transcript of a 1985 oral history interview.
Record last modified: 2018-08-24 12:11:19
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn61117
Also in Maury Adams collection
The collection consists of an identification tag, chest x-ray, documents, oral history interview transcript, and photographs relating to the experiences of Moses Adam (later Maury Adams), before and during the Holocaust in Przemysl, Poland, while incarcerated in Plaszow, Starachowice, Auschwitz-Birkenau, Mauthausen, and Ebensee concentration camps, and after the war in Italy and the United States.
Metal ID tag with prisoner number 119503 issued to 26 year old Moses Adam in January 1945 in Mauthausen concentration camp and also worn in Ebensee concentration camp until April 1945. It would have been attached to something and worn around the wrist. When Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939, Moses was living in Przemysl, Poland, with his parents Don and Ita Adam, and his sisters Kaila and Fradel. Three weeks later, Przemysl was under Soviet control. In June 1941, the Germans reoccupied the city when they invaded the Soviet Union. In August 1941, Moses was interned in a labor camp. His family lived in the ghetto. In July 1942, Don and Kaila, who had polio, were shot, and Ita, Fradel, and Fradel’s daughter Ester were deported to Belzec and killed the next day. A few months later, the labor camp inmates were deported but Moses escaped and lived in hiding in the ghetto. In July 1943, the SS entered the ghetto and Moses volunteered to go to Plaszow labor camp, where he was made a kapo. He was transferred to Starachowice, then Auschwitz-Birkenau, where he worked in the hospital block following a serious injury to his head. As the Soviets approached in January 1945, Moses was sent on a forced march to Mauthausen. He was later transferred to Ebensee, where he worked as slave labor underground. Moses was liberated at Ebensee by the US Army on May 6, 1945. He was severely malnourished and weighed only 62 pounds. He recuperated in Italy before emigrating to the United States in 1948.