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Oral history interview with Fred Lubcher

Oral History | Digitized | Accession Number: 2018.148.1 | RG Number: RG-50.030.0960

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    Oral history interview with Fred Lubcher

    Overview

    Interview Summary
    Fred Lubcher (born Ephraim Lubczer), born on January 28, 1931 in Lesko, Poland, discusses his name change upon enrolling in school in the United States; moving to Vienna, Austria when he was one year old; a visit to Poland when he was six years old to visit relatives; his two older brothers and other family members; speaking German and Yiddish at home; his father’s work as a butcher; living in the Second District of Vienna; growing up in a somewhat religious home; his parents’ arranged marriage; attending school in Vienna up to the third grade; a friend who illegally tried to get to Palestine; an uncle who lived in Brooklyn, New York; the Anschluss in March 1938; returning to Vienna in the 1970s and hearing of antisemitism then; the fate of his family members; the outbreak of World War II in September 1939; his father fleeing Vienna before he could be arrested; an unsuccessful attempt for him, his parents, and one brother to be smuggled into Lesko and the family’s return to Vienna; arrangements for his other brother to get on one of the Kindertransports out of Vienna; his father’s arrest and the destruction of the family’s religious items in their apartment; his father’s transport to Buchenwald; receiving a telegram notifying the family of his father’s death and receiving his ashes; his uncle, who had remained in Lesko and was killed; traveling to Genoa, Italy to board a luxury passenger ship to go to the United States in March 1940 with his mother and brothers; arriving in New York and staying at a Hebrew Immigrant Aid Society shelter before being picked up by relatives; staying with relatives in Brooklyn, New York for a short time; moving to their own apartment in Bedford–Stuyvesant, Brooklyn; attending school and learning English; his two uncles who had arrived in the United States earlier; eventually switching from speaking German to English at home; getting a job delivering groceries; his brother’s time at a camp run by the United Jewish Appeal; his mother’s second marriage when he was sixteen years old; his oldest brother entering the U.S. Army and serving in Europe during World War II; listening to the radio and following his brother’s army division’s movements; attending New York University for his undergraduate and law studies; practicing estate law; marrying and having children; not sharing his wartime experiences with many people; and his thoughts about life in the United States. (Family photographs and descriptions follow the interview.)
    Interviewee
    Fred Lubcher
    Interviewer
    Navazelskis, Ina
    Date
    interview:  2018 April 19
    Geography
    creation: Woodmere (N.Y.)

    Physical Details

    Language
    English
    Genre/Form
    Oral histories.
    Extent
    1 digital file : MPEG-4.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    No restrictions on use

    Keywords & Subjects

    Personal Name
    Lubcher, Fred.

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    Ina Navazelskis, on behalf of the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Oral History Branch, conducted the oral history interview with Fred Lubcher on April 19, 2018 in Woodmere, NY.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this oral history interview has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-11-16 08:05:48
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn611751

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