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Emigrantenorganisationen (Fond 1313)

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2006.515.10 | RG Number: RG-11.001M.92

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    Records of approximately ten small organizations of émigrés in Paris, including the Bund Freie Presse und Literatur (Bund Association for the Free Press and Literature, the Action Committee of German Oppositionists (Aktionsausschuss Deutscher Oppositioneller), and the Ligue Autrichienne (Austrian League). Includes correspondence, letter, application forms, individuals' biographical information forms, emigrants' requests for aid, postcards, notes, fragments of the Heinrich Mann book "An das deutsche Volk!: die Geburtstagsrede", and other printed materials. The largest file consists of 258 pages; the smallest consist of 3 pages.

    Note: USHMM Archives holds only selected records.
    Alternate Title
    Emigrants organizations
    inclusive:  1920-1940
    Credit Line
    Forms part of the Claims Conference International Holocaust Documentation Archive at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. This archive consists of documentation whose reproduction and/or acquisition was made possible with funding from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Collection Creator
    Bund Freie Presse und Literatur
    Ligue Autrichienne
    Aktionsausschuss Deutscher Oppositionelle
    The Bund free press and literature (BFPL) was a German association of independent writers and journalists in exile, which was founded in Paris on 7 July 1937th. The founders obtained from a liberal-humanistic base position against the Nazi and Stalinism. Thus, the BFPL was from the outset isolated among the politically active emigrants, who were committed in their vast majority to the communist-dominated popular front policy and were organized in the Association of German Writers (SDS). BFPL founder Hans Sahl called this exile in exile. As the center of exile after the start of World War II moved to the United States, the BFPL dissolved implied. The founding statute of the BFPL begins with the words:
    "Convinced that freedom of mind and expression is a precious commodity, and that an independent, clean and responsible press and literature, which is not subject to compulsion and terror, is one of the essential conditions for spiritual development and effective spiritual struggle [... ] "
    According to Dieter Schiller , nobody should belong to the covenant "who, while opening his mouth to a brown Reich culture chamber, accepts a red Reichskulturkammer."
    Fishman, D. E. and Kupovetsky, M, Kuzelenkov, V. (ed.). Nazi-Looted Jewish Archives in Moscow. A guide to Jewish Historical and Cultural Collections in the Russian State Military Archive. Scranton: University of Scranton Press 2010. Published in association with the United States Holocaust memorial Museum and The Jewish Theological Seminary.

    Browder, G. C. Captured German and other Nation's Documents in the osobyi (Special) Archive, Moscow. Published by: Cambridge University Press on behalf of Conference Group for Central European History of the American Historical Association.

    Physical Details

    French German
    1 microfilm reel (partial) ; 16 mm.
    586 digital images : JPEG.
    System of Arrangement
    Fond 1313 (1920-1940). Opis 1; Dela 119. Arranged in four series: 1. Bund Freie Presse und Literatur; 2. Aktionsausschuss Deutscher Oppositionelle; 3. Ligue Autrichienne; 4. Miscellaneous records of other small organizations for emigrants.

    Note: Location of digital images; Partial microfilm reel # 456: Image #998-1584.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Reproduction and publication only with written permission of the Russian State Military Archives

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Source of acquisition is the Russian State Military Archive (Rossiĭskiĭ gosudarstvennyĭ voennyĭ arkhiv), Osobyi Archive, Fond 1313. The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the filmed collection via the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum International Archival Programs Division in 2006.
    Record last modified:
    2023-06-20 08:50:53
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