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Metal identification pendant belonging to a Czech Jewish ghetto-labor camp inmate

Object | Accession Number: 2018.228.1

Small, metal identification tag that belonged to Frank (born Frantisek) Sim, who was imprisoned with his parents in Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in German-occupied Czechoslovakia between June 1942 and September 1944. It is engraved with his name, birth date, and birthplace, with a lock of hair looped around the string. Prior to the German occupation in 1939, Frank’s sister, Helen, decided to immigrate to England. In June 1942, Frank and his parents, Rudolf and Fredericka, were forcibly transported from Olomouc, Czechoslovakia, to Theresienstadt. There, Frank was assigned to a work group in the transport department, shoveling coal and unloading supplies that came to the ghetto. On September 28, 1944, Frank was deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center in German-occupied Poland. Upon arrival, Frank was assigned to a work group and sent to the Hugo Schneider AG (HASAG) armaments factory at Meuselwitz, a subcamp of the Buchenwald concentration camp system in Germany. In April 1945, American troops were approaching and the Germans liquidated the camp. Frank escaped during a forced march and made his way to Kraslice, Czechoslovakia, where a Czech family took him in for four days and gave him civilian clothes. He continued traveling to Plzeň, Czechoslovakia, and then to Prague, before making his way back to Theresienstadt. There, Frank learned his parents had been put on a transport to Auschwitz-Birkenau one month after him, and they were killed. After liberation, Frank eventually settled in Brno, Czechoslovakia, where he studied chemical engineering and met his wife, a fellow survivor, Edith.

acquired:  before 1944 September 28
acquired: Czech Republic.
Identifying Artifacts
Object Type
Nameplates (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Susan Kajuch and Pavla Sim
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:19:16
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