Metal identification pendant belonging to a Czech Jewish ghetto-labor camp inmate
before 1944 September 28
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Susan Kajuch and Pavla Sim
Small, metal identification tag that belonged to Frank (born Frantisek) Sim, who was imprisoned with his parents in Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in German-occupied Czechoslovakia between June 1942 and September 1944. It is engraved with his name, birth date, and birthplace, with a lock of hair looped around the string. Prior to the German occupation in 1939, Frank’s sister, Helen, decided to immigrate to England. In June 1942, Frank and his parents, Rudolf and Fredericka, were forcibly transported from Olomouc, Czechoslovakia, to Theresienstadt. There, Frank was assigned to a work group in the transport department, shoveling coal and unloading supplies that came to the ghetto. On September 28, 1944, Frank was deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center in German-occupied Poland. Upon arrival, Frank was assigned to a work group and sent to the Hugo Schneider AG (HASAG) armaments factory at Meuselwitz, a subcamp of the Buchenwald concentration camp system in Germany. In April 1945, American troops were approaching and the Germans liquidated the camp. Frank escaped during a forced march and made his way to Kraslice, Czechoslovakia, where a Czech family took him in for four days and gave him civilian clothes. He continued traveling to Plzeň, Czechoslovakia, and then to Prague, before making his way back to Theresienstadt. There, Frank learned his parents had been put on a transport to Auschwitz-Birkenau one month after him, and they were killed. After liberation, Frank eventually settled in Brno, Czechoslovakia, where he studied chemical engineering and met his wife, a fellow survivor, Edith.
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:19:16
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn615684
Also in Frank and Edith Sim collection
The collection consists of an identification tag and commemorative medal relating to the experiences of Frank and Edith Sim during and after the Holocaust at Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in German occupied Czechoslovakia.
Medal presented to former inmates of the Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp during the 50th anniversary of its opening
Commemorative medal and box for the children of Terezin, received by Frank and Edith Sim when they attended the 50th anniversary commemoration of the establishment of Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in the Czech Republic (previously Czechoslovakia). In October 1991, the Terezin Initiative — an association of former prisoners of the ghetto — organized the 50th anniversary commemoration. In June 1942, Frank and his parents, Rudolf and Fredericka, were forcibly transported from Olomouc, Czechoslovakia to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in German-occupied Czechoslovakia There, he was assigned to a work group in the transport department, shoveling coal and unloading supplies that came to the ghetto. Edith, her parents, Josef and Paula, and her brother, Ernst, were forcibly transported to Theresienstadt from Ostrava, Czechoslovakia in September 1942, and she worked for a time in the farm fields, enabling her to steal vegetables for her parents. In December 1943, Edith and her parents were taken to the family camp at Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center in German-occupied Poland, and she was later sent on a work detail to Hamburg, Germany, and then Bergen-Belsen concentration camp, where she was liberated in April 1945. In September 1944, Frank was transported to Auschwitz-Birkenau, and then assigned to a work group deported to Meuselwitz, a subcamp of the Buchenwald concentration camp system in Germany. In April 1945, Frank escaped a death march from Meuselwitz and Germany surrendered to Allied forces on May 7, ending the war. Both Frank and Edith’s parents and her brother died while imprisoned. Frank’s sister, Helen, survived, having immigrated to England prior to the German occupation in 1939. After liberation, both Edith and Frank eventually settled in Brno, Czechoslovakia, where they met in 1947, and married in February 1948.