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Anti-Nazi, zoo animal caricature, printed in Palestine

Object | Accession Number: 2019.7.5.1

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    Anti-Nazi, zoo animal caricature, printed in Palestine

    Overview

    Brief Narrative
    Anti-Nazi caricature depicting animals with the faces of prominent Nazi leaders, published in Palestine in the early 1940s. If the instructions on the paper are followed, and the sheet is properly folded, the joined animals will create an image of Adolf Hitler. To escape persecution from the Nazis, many German and European Jews began immigrating to Palestine, which was awarded to Great Britain following World War I. Before and after the British takeover, successive waves of immigration (Aliyots) dramatically increased the region’s Jewish population. However, during this period of immigration, Britain placed strict limits on the number of Jews that could enter the country to ameliorate Arab concerns about the increasing Jewish immigration. During the war, thousands of Palestinian Jewish volunteers served in the British Army, and on September 14, 1944 a Jewish Brigade was established.
    Title
    Nazi Zoo
    Date
    publication/distribution:  1940-1945
    Geography
    publication: Tel Aviv (Israel)
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection. The acquisition of portions of this collection were made possible by the Philip and Janet Levin Foundation and the Joseph H. and Freda Guzman Gerber Fund for Library Acquisitions.
    Markings
    front, top center, printed, red ink : [Hebrew characters] [The Nazi Zoo]
    front, bottom center, printed, red ink : [Hebrew characters] [Fold the four animals according to the direction of the arrows and lines and find the fifth beast]
    front, left, printed, red ink : [Hebrew characters] [All rights reserved, S.Y. Zvieli, Tel Aviv]
    Contributor
    Publisher: S.I. Zviely and D. Toppel

    Physical Details

    Language
    Hebrew
    Classification
    Art
    Object Type
    Caricatures (aat)
    Genre/Form
    Posters.
    Physical Description
    Small caricature printed in red ink on thin, semitransparent paper. The image is divided by six centered, evenly spaced, dotted lines; three vertical and three horizontal. The image depicts four farm animals with the faces of prominent Nazi leaders. In the top left, a hyena is wearing a peaked cap and thin glasses with the face of Heinrich Himmler. To the right a fat pig is wearing a patrol cap and several medals pinned on his chest with the face of Hermann Goering. The bottom two images are inverted. The lower left is a dog wearing a peaked cap with Joachim von Ribbentrop’s face, and to the right is a rat with a small swastika hanging from its neck and Joseph Goebbels’ face. Lines of Hebrew text are above, below, and to the left of the image. The paper is slightly discolored with a crease in the lower left corner, and three evenly spaced horizontal creases. The images are visible through the paper on the back.
    Dimensions
    overall: Height: 7.000 inches (17.78 cm) | Width: 9.625 inches (24.448 cm)
    Materials
    overall : paper, ink

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    No restrictions on access
    Conditions on Use
    Restrictions on use. Owner of copyright, if any, is undetermined.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Geographic Name
    Palestine.

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    The caricature was acquired by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2019.
    Funding Note
    The acquisition of this artifact was made possible by The Philip and Janet Levin Foundation Family Fund.
    Record last modified:
    2022-08-22 11:56:08
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn615705

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