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Cream-colored underskirt with a diamond pattern owned by a Jewish Austrian refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2018.258.9

Diamond-patterned petticoat brought to the United States by Herta Schwarzbart Stoer when she emigrated from Vienna, Austria, in February 1939. The underskirt was created in the early 1900s by her parents, Arthur and Pauline, who ran their own lingerie manufacturing business. Herta lived in Vienna with her parents, and four siblings: Hilda, Fritz, Ella, and Hansi. In August 1914, Arthur was selected to fight in World War I, and three months later, he died of tetanus. As a result, Pauline closed the business, and sent Fritz, Ella, Herta, and Hansi to an orphanage. Hilda and Pauline ran a small children’s clothing business. Herta was transferred to a boarding school for Jewish orphan girls, where she later returned as a teacher. In 1932, Hansi married and moved to Palestine. In early 1936, Herta began dating Leopold (Leo) Stoer. In June 1937, Pauline passed away. On March 13, 1938, Austria was annexed into Germany. Later that month, Herta and Leo married, but continued to live separately in Vienna. Leo immigrated to the US in September 1938, followed by Herta in February 1939. In September, the couple moved to California, where they began running a chicken farm to raise money to help their families immigrate. As World War II progressed, Herta and Leo lost contact with most family members. Herta later learned that her family members had been deported to concentration camps and killed in 1942 or 1943. Only her sister-in-law, Sidi, and nephew, Paul Schwarzbart, survived in hiding. Leo’s entire family had been deported to concentration camps and killed in 1942.

Date
creation:  1901-1914
emigration:  1939 February
Geography
creation: Vienna (Austria)
en route: United States
Classification
Clothing and Dress
Category
Women's clothing
Genre/Form
Lingerie.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Joyce Stoer Cordi
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:26:51
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn616393