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Jacob and Rita Litman papers, including Samuel Golfard diary

Document | Accession Number: 2008.269.2

The collection includes biographical material, restitution files, and photographs primarily documenting Jacob and Rita Litman’s experiences at the displaced persons camp at Bayerisch Gmain, Germany, from 1946 to 1949, their immigration to the United States, and efforts to obtain restitutions as well as extensive post-war correspondence from Tadeusz Jankiewicz, who helped Jacob escape, and other Poles who knew and helped Jacob during the war. The collection also includes the diary of Samuel Golfard, which was written during Samuel's internment as a Jewish forced laborer in and around Przemysliany, Poland (Peremyshliany, Ukraine) from 25 January 1943 until 14 April 1943, including an English translation provided by Jacob.

Biographical materials include birth verifications and a driver’s license for Jacob Litman as well as a marriage verification, United States petition for naturalization, and United States certificate of naturalization for Jacob and Rita Litman.

Correspondence consists primarily of post-war letters written from Tadeusz Jankiewicz to Jacob Litman as well as additional correspondence from other who helped Jacob during the war.

The diary was written by Samuel Golfard during his internment as a Jewish forced laborer in and around Przemysliany, Poland (Peremyshliany, Ukraine) from 25 January 1943 until 14 April 1943. After Samuel's death, the diary was entrusted to Tadeusz Jankiewicz, a non-Jewish Pole who tried to help Jacob, Samuel, and other local Jews prior to and during their internment, and who helped Jacob escape from the forced labor camp at Kurowice in 1943. Tadeusz gave Samuel's diary to Jacob several years after the war and Jacob kept it and translated it into English. Tadeusz was recognized as a Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem in 1966.

Subject files includes correspondence with the United Restitution Organization, applications, and supporting documents relating to Jacob and Rita’s efforts to obtain restitution for damages to their health. The series also includes correspondence, letters of certification, and papers relating to Jacob’s career as an educator.

Photographs consists of one portrait of the family of Abraham Avrum Zalcman, Jacob’s maternal grandfather, in Nowy Dwor, Poland. The photograph was sent to family members in the United States prior to the Holocaust and depicts Golda Zalcman, Shifra Litman, Beyla-Riva Zalcman, Jacob Litman, Abraham Avrum Zalcman, Chana Zalcman Litman, Yehuda Meyer Litman, Ruchl Zalcman, Nute Zalcman, Yenta Zalcman, and Yechiel Zalcman. Only Jacob Litman survived the Holocaust. The series also includes pre-war and wartime photographs of Jacob and Rita Litman and their family during the 1930’s and 1940’s in Germany and in DP camps.

inclusive:  1927-1984
1 box
1 oversize box
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Jacob Litman
Record last modified: 2022-04-28 11:28:50
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