Waffen SS red fez found at Dachau concentration camp after liberation
after 1945 April 29
Dachau (Concentration camp) after liberation;
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Aaron Landes
Red fez with a swastika and Death's head owned by Rabbi Aaron Landes. The fez was found at Dachau concentration camp in Germany following the April 29 liberation by US troops. The red fez was part of the dress uniform of a Waffen-SS military detachment composed of Muslims from Bosnia, Croatia, and Herzegovina in occupied Yugoslavia, with one division from Albania. There was a green/field gray fez for the combat uniform. The creation of this unit was authorized by Hitler in 1943. The original purpose was to combat Tito’s partisans. Through recruitment and conscription, the unit had 26,000 soldiers within a few months. The group was commanded by German or ethnic German officers, and the uniforms were designed to reflect the religion/ethnicity of the recruits.
Record last modified: 2021-03-08 16:24:46
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn6364
Also in This Collection
Red fez with a label with Persian text owned by Rabbi Aaron Landes. The fez was found at Dachau concentration camp in Germany following the April 29 liberation by US troops. There was a unit of the Waffen SS that wore a red fez as part of the dress uniform. It was composed of Muslims from Bosnia, Croatia, and Herzegovina in occupied Yugoslavia. Unlike this fez, which is unadorned, the Waffen SS fezes had a Nazi Death's head and Reichsadler insignia.