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Coin purse owned by Otto Frank

Object | Accession Number: 2018.613.3

Change purse owned by Otto Frank. Otto was a German Jewish businessman who immigrated to Amsterdam, Netherlands, with his wife, Edith, and daughters, Margot and Anne. Germany invaded the Netherlands on May 10, 1940. Under German occupation, antisemitic restrictions were enforced, and Otto set up a hiding place in the attic of his business. The family moved into their hidden rooms on July 6, 1942, and were later joined by four others. Otto’s most trusted employees, including Miep and Jan Gies, immediately agreed to help them, at great risk to their own safety. Otto’s most trusted employees, including Miep and Jan Gies, immediately agreed to help them, at great risk to their own safety. While in hiding, Anne documented her thoughts and the group’s daily activities in a diary. In late March 1944, she began editing her diary and notebooks, with the goal of publishing it after the war. After two years, the hiding place was raided on August 4, 1944. The group was arrested and imprisoned in Westerbork transit camp. On September 3, they were all deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau killing center in German-occupied Poland, where Otto was assigned to forced labor. In January 1945, Auschwitz was evacuated in advance of the Soviet arrival. Prisoners able to walk were sent on a forced march. However, Otto was in the sick barracks at the time, ill and underweight. Soviet forces entered the camp on January 27, 1945, and Otto was nursed back to health. Otto was the only member of the hidden group to survive the Holocaust. He returned to Amsterdam on June 3, 1945, and moved in with Miep and Jan Gies. Miep gave Otto some personal possessions, including Anne’s diary, which she had saved. He found a publisher for the diary, which became well known worldwide. Otto devoted the rest of his life to fighting for human rights and organized international youth conferences.

Date
use:  approximately 1935
Geography
use: Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Classification
Dress Accessories
Object Type
Coin purses (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ryan M. Cooper
 
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:26:23
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn652082