UNRRA selected records AG-018-024 : Luxembourg Mission
Document | Accession Number: 2019.38.1 | RG Number: RG-67.073
Consists of correspondence and reports of the mission. Records relate to tracing of displaced persons, settlement of non-repatriable Poles, and help to deported Jews.
2,082 digital images : JPEG ; 28.5 GB .
- Document Creator
- United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA)
UNRRA. Luxemburg Mission
The United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA) was an international relief agency representing 44 nations, but largely dominated by the United States. Founded in 1943, it became part of the United Nations (UN) in 1945, and it largely shut down operations in 1947. Its purpose was to "plan, co-ordinate, administer or arrange for the administration of measures for the relief of victims of war in any area under the control of any of the United Nations through the provision of food, fuel, clothing, shelter and other basic necessities, medical and other essential services." Its staff of civil servants included 12,000 people, with headquarters in New York. Funding came from many nations, and totaled $3.7 billion, of which the United States contributed $2.7 billion; Britain $625 million and Canada $139 million. The Administration of UNRRA at the peak of operations in mid-1946 included five types of offices and missions with a staff totaling nearly 25,000: The Headquarters Office in Washington, The European Regional Office (London), the 29 servicing offices and missions (2 area offices in Cairo and Sydney; 10 liaison offices and missions in Belgium, Denmark, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Trieste; 12 procurement offices in Argentina, Brazil, Chile and later Peru, Cuba, India, Mexico, South Africa, Southern Rhodesia, Turkey, Uruguay, Venezuela; 6 offices for procurement of surplus military supplies in Caserta and later Rome, Honolulu, Manila, New Delhi, Paris, Shanghai), the sixteen missions to receiving countries (Albania, Austria, Byelorussia, China, Czechoslovakia, the Dodecanese Islands, Ethiopia, Finland, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Korea, the Philippines, Poland, Ukraine, Yugoslavia), and the Displaced Persons Operations in Germany.
UNRRA cooperated closely with dozens of volunteer charitable organizations, who sent hundreds of their own agencies to work alongside UNRRA. In operation only three years, the agency distributed about $4 billion worth of goods, food, medicine, tools, and farm implements at a time of severe global shortages and worldwide transportation difficulties. The recipient nations had been especially hard hit by starvation, dislocation, and political chaos. It played a major role in helping Displaced Persons return to their home countries in Europe in 1945-46. Its UN functions were transferred to several UN agencies, including the International Refugee Organization and the World Health Organization. As an American relief agency, it was largely replaced by the Marshall Plan, which began operations in 1948. [Source: UN Original finding aid of records of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration (UNRRA)]
The government of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg returned to the country in September 1944. The UNRRA Mission was established in October of that year. The government had requested UNRRA assistance with problems of health, welfare, and displaced persons, and the appointment of UNRRA liaison officers to assist in obtaining supplies and industrial rehabilitation materials. Little was accomplished in connection with this latter undertaking, however, the greater part of the Mission's work being devoted to the problems of social welfare and displaced persons, including Polish nationals under contract to work in Luxembourg.The arrangements for supplies were made as part of the Belgian Mission import programme, and it was at first proposed that the Luxembourg and Belgian Missions should be administered jointly, though this was found to be impractical.
- System of Arrangement
- Selected records arranged in one sub-group: 1. S-138, Subject Files, 1944-1946.
- Topical Term
World War, 1939-1945--Refugees--Luxembourg.
War relief--Luxembourg--History--20th century.
Refugees--Legal status, laws, etc..
Humanitarian assistance, American--Political aspects.
Holocaust survivors--Europe--History--20th century.
- Geographic Name
- Holder of Originals
United Nations Archives and Records Management Section
- Legal Status
- Permanent Collection
- Source of acquisition is the Archives and Records Management Section (UN-ARMS), UNRRA records AG-018-024. The collection was digitized through a cooperative agreement between the US Holocaust Memorial Museum, the Mémorial de la Shoah, France and the UN-ARMS. The USHMM Archives received copied collection via the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum International Archival Programs Division in February 2019.
- Conditions on Access
- This material can only be accessed in a Museum reading room or other on-campus viewing stations. No other access restrictions apply to this material.
- Conditions on Use
- The United Nations Archives is a holder of the copyrights of this collection.
- Copyright Holder
- United Nations Archives and Records Management Section
Record last modified: 2021-05-25 09:19:19
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