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Records of the Sephardic Jewish Community of Uruguay (Comunidad Israelita Sefaradí)

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2019.93.1 | RG Number: RG-73.006

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    Registers of birth, marriage and death certificates, photographs of activities, administrative material and correspondence, records relating to various events, registers of social assistance, and minutes of meetings.
    inclusive:  1958-2016
    Collection Creator
    Comunidad Israelita Sefaradi? del Uruguay
    Comunidad Israelita del Uruguay, Montevideo
    The Sephardic Jewish Community of Uruguay was founded in 1932 in Montevideo, bringing together the entire Jewish community of Sephardic tradition in the country.

    It currently has two own cemeteries and another shared intercommunity, two temples (one in the Old City with capacity for 800 people seated and another in Pocitos with 250 places), a community center-Maimónides Center-where all the activities inherent to a community are developed: daily religious services, dissemination and preservation of the Sephardic tradition, preparation for Bar and Bat Mitzvah, consolation and financial assistance to relatives who require it. She is a founding member of the Israelite Central Committee of Uruguay.
    The first Jews arrived in Uruguay at the end of the 19th century from neighboring countries. From the twentieth century began to arrive from overseas pushed by the crisis of the Ottoman Empire and the persecution of the Tsarist Empire. Later the Jews came from Hungary, and finally from Germany with the assumption of Hitler to power in January 1933 in Germany. The degree of religiosity was an especially differentiating feature since among these immigrants there were strict orthodox believers who maintained only the most important traditions, freethinkers and agnostics. Despite these differences, they built a deep sense of solidarity. Little by little synagogues, schools, libraries, Yiddish, Ladino and Spanish newspapers, and a Jewish cemetery were built.
    These immigrants came mostly from modest homes and when they arrived in Uruguay, they worked in the most diverse jobs: in the refrigeration industry, in the streetcar company, in street vending, in commerce and in small clothing and carpentry workshops. .Also, those who settled in the interior of the country formed some agricultural cooperatives. Uruguay was a country that had opened its doors to immigrants from all backgrounds and where the Church was separated from the state. The economic possibilities offered by the country helped a social ascent. With a clear sense of identity, the Jews were gradually integrated into society. Their children were starting to be born in the new Latin American country where they had decided to take root. The disturbing European situation with the growth of Nazism and fascism, and the social consequences in our country, made the Judeo-Uruguayan community organized and waged an intense struggle, in collaboration with the democratic sectors of Uruguayan society.
    Since 1940, the Central Committee of Israel has played an important role in these difficult years and, to this day, it is the representative entity of the Uruguayan Jews and of the Jewish Zionist institutions.
    The Committee also actively contributed to the task that made possible the creation of the State of Israel.
    Today the majority of the Jewish population lives in Montevideo. However, there are population centers in Paysandú in an organized way. The Jewish population of Uruguay is 1% of the total Uruguayan population.

    Physical Details

    7,061 digital images : TIFF and JPEG.
    System of Arrangement
    Arranged in three groups: 1. Registers of birth, marriage and death certificates; 2. Office correspondence and various community registers and applications; 3. Office proceedings and minutes. Note: Collection also includes 5,317 images (JPEG)mof records digitized from microfilms of the Sephardic community which were done by the CAHJP in the 70s. Part of the original files were not found in the current survey nad are probably lost.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    This material can only be accessed in a Museum reading room or other on-campus viewing stations. No other access restrictions apply to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Fair use only.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Source of acquisition is the Comunidad Israelita Sefaradí, Uruguay (Sephardic Jewish Community of Uruguay). The United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Archives received the filmed collection via the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum International Archival Programs Division in March 2019. Note: This is a cooperative project with the Arkhiyon ha-merkazi le-toldot ha-ʻam ha-Yehudi (Central Archives for the History of the Jewish People (CAHJP) Jerusalem).
    Record last modified:
    2023-06-09 13:39:17
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