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Pesl Pola Melamed Dichter papers

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 2013.123.2

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    Pesl Pola Melamed Dichter papers

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    Pesl Pola Melamed Dichter papers consist of Pesl’s handwritten Yiddish memoir about her life in Rożyszcze, Poland, her experiences in the Rożyszcze ghetto and in hiding during the Holocaust, and her postwar life with her husband Izak Dichter and their daughter Klara in the Eschwege displaced persons camp in Germany before they immigrated to Israel in 1948. The papers also include a photograph of Pesl and Izak, a photograph of the couple with their daughter and Izak’s mother, and a photograph of Pesl and Klara with other survivors at Eschwege.
    inclusive:  circa 1946-1948
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Margalit Bleiberg
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Margalit Blieberg
    Collection Creator
    Pesa Pola Melamed Dichter
    Pesl Pola Melamed Dichter was born in December 1923 in Rozyszcze, Poland (now Roz︠h︡yshche, Ukraine). The Melamed family was forced into a ghetto in late 1941, together with about 4,000 other Jews. They suffered terrible hunger and slave labor. Pesl’s father, Motl Melamed, was murdered by the Germans in the spring of 1942. The ghetto was liquidated in August 1942, and most of the residents were shot at a mass grave. Pesl Pola escaped the massacre because she was in a neighboring village where a Polish woman had hired her to knit. She hid in the forest until liberation in 1944 and then married Izak Dichter. Izak was born January 15, 1911, in Łuck, Poland (now Lutsk, Ukraine) and lived in Trojanowka (now Troyanivka, Ukraine). Their daughter Klara (Carmela) was born in December 1945 in Wałbrzych, Poland, and the family moved to the Eschwege displaced persons camp. They immigrated to Israel in 1948. Izak's mother Basia Dichter also survived.

    Physical Details

    1 folder
    System of Arrangement
    The Pesl Pola Melamed Dichter papers are arranged as a single series.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Margalit Bleiberg donated the Pesl Pola Melamed Dichter papers to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2013. The accessions formerly cataloged as 2013. 123.1 and 2013.409.1 have been incorporated into this collection. Margalit Bleiberg is the daughter of Pesl Pola Melamed Dichter.
    Primary Number
    Record last modified:
    2023-03-30 15:16:37
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