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Prayer book for Tisha B'Av owned by a Jewish refugee

Publication | Accession Number: 1992.8.21

Prayer book for Tisha B'Av, a day of communal mourning, from the library of Isaac Ossowski, a prominent member of the Jewish community in Berlin, Germany, who emigrated in 1938 to avoid the increasing persecution of Jews by the government of Nazi Germany. The prayers in the book commemorate the destruction of the first and second temples in Jerusalem. An additional section includes pre-lamentory prayers. Rabbi Ossowski was head shochet [ritual slaughterer], mohel [practioner of ritual circumcision], sofer [scribe], and Hazan [cantor, a musical prayer leader] at the Alte Shul [Old Synagogue]. After Hitler was appointed Chancellor in 1933, increasingly severe sanctions were enacted against Jews. The Ossowski family was repeatedly questioned by the SS (Schutzstaffel; Protection Squadrons) who gathered intelligence on opponents of the Nazi state and policed racial purity. In 1934, Isaac sent his youngest son, 14 year old Sol, to Lithuania to study at a yeshiva. In 1936, his sons, Joseph and Leo, left for the United States. In 1938, Isaac and his wife, Frida, and their daughter, Nettie, escaped Nazi Germany and joined Joseph in the US. Sol joined them there in 1939.

Title
Book of Lamentations for Tisha B'Av
Date
1880  (publication/distribution)
Geography
use : Berlin (Germany)
Language
Hebrew
Russian
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Sol Oster
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Record last modified: 2017-10-25 14:26:53
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn7111