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Publication | Accession Number: 1992.82.3

Catholic bible given to 7 year old Selma (Zofia) Scwarzwald in January 1945 in celebration of her communion. It was a deluxe edition with a color picture on the cover. Selma, born Jewish, was living in hiding with her mother as a Polish Catholic under the name Zofia Tymejko and completely adopted this identity. She attended church and, after liberation by Soviet troops, celebrated her First Communion. Selma and her mother, Laura, escaped from the ghetto in German occupied Lvov, Poland (Lviv, Ukraine) after her father was shot by the Gestapo in 1942. They adopted false identities as Catholics and lived briefly in Krakow, then moved to Busko Zdroj. They emigrated to England in 1948 after there were violent anti-Jewish riots in the area. That was when Zofia learned that she was Jewish; news that shocked her after her upbringing in an antisemitic environment where she had been taught to hate Jews.

Alternate Title
Pamiatka Pierwszej Komunii
First Comunion Souvenir
received:  1944
publication/distribution:  1927
Object Type
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Sophie Turner-Zaretsky
Record last modified: 2020-06-30 09:28:40
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