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Allach porcelain figurine

Object | Accession Number: 2020.12.4

Porcelain figure of "Prophet," manufactured by slave labor at Dachau concentration camp, and collected after the war by David Farin, a Jewish member of the French resistance. The Porzellan-Manufaktur Allach (PMA) was founded in 1935 in the Munich suburb of Allach. It produced decorative porcelain pieces with the goal of developing a new echelon of German artistic taste. The factory quickly became a pet-project of SS Reichsführer (Reich leader) Heinrich Himmler, who eventually took control took of 45 percent of the output and often gifted figures to various SS officials and friends. In 1937, the primary PMA factory moved to the SS Training and Education Camp, adjacent to Dachau. Beginning in 1940, Jewish prisoners from the camp were forced to work in the factory. Allach factories produced several themed series of figurines. A series of Morris dancers (Moriskentänzer) figurines was produced exclusively for the city of Munich to use as official gifts. They were copied from a series of sculptures commissioned by Munich city authorities and created by Erasmus Grasser in 1480. After production began on the Morris dancer figurines, consumer demand led to the creation of a series of jugglers inspired by the dancers that was available for purchase by the public in 1942. The Allach factory at Dachau continued to run until late April 1945. On April 29, U.S. forces liberated over 32,000 people at Dachau.

Date
manufacture:  1940
Geography
manufacture: Dachau (Concentration camp); Dachau (Germany)
Classification
Decorative Arts
Category
Ceramics
Genre/Form
Figurines.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum collection, gift of the David and Esther Farin Estate
 
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 21:57:24
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn715739