Oral history interview with Aure Recanati
Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
- Aure Recanati
- Irene Hatzopoulos
2012 April 14
1 DVD : MPEG-4.
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Middlebury College Language Schools
Aure Recanati (née Césarine Georgette), born in Marseille, France in 1924, describes being the eldest of three sisters; her father, Haïm Yeni, who immigrated with his parents to France in 1913 from Salonika, Greece; her mother, Flora Amaradgi, who was born in Salonika and immigrated to Marseille in 1923; the impact of the 1929 economic crisis and collapse of his family’s import business; moving to Paris, France in 1930; settling in Neuilly; the rise of Nazi Germany; growing fears about antisemitism; being on vacation near Coutances, France at war's outbreak; returning to Paris; leaving with her family on May 18, 1939; her family settling in Sarlat, France; reuniting with her cousin Joseph Recanati, who went on to Lyon to study; having a relatively easy life during the war; moving to Antibes, France in September 1939 and living in a hotel then a villa; having a peaceful life under Italian occupation until 1942; the arrest of Joseph in Lyon in December 1942 and her father managing to have him released; her desire to escape to Spain because she was pregnant with Joseph's child; getting married in secret because Jews could not marry; going to Savoie, France; the birth of her son on July 25, 1943; her father finding a villa in Villefranche-sur-Mer, France; the many people who helped her family; discovering that they lived on a road where the German officers lived and their constant fear; the departure of her father and husband to Souillac to find a hiding place and following soon after; staying in a house in Les Cuisines; being forced to leave because Germans were looking for them; her husband's notice to report for medical exam for the STO (Service du travail obligatoire) and his escape to Lyon; going to Antibes in September 1944 and reuniting with Joseph; the difficult conditions for Jews in Paris after liberation and the refusal of many to return stolen properties; her father’s and husband's attempts to reconstruct their economic activity to support the family; her efforts in the late 1990s to research Saloniki Jews murdered at Auschwitz and secure their recognition; her first book The Jewish Community of Salonika 1943; and the passing of her husband in 1997.
Record last modified: 2018-01-22 10:38:48
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn75113
Also in Middlebury College Language Schools oral history collection
Consists of oral history interviews conducted by the Middlebury College Language Schools.
Date: 2012 March 29-2012 April 14
George Isserlis, born in 1925, discusses his early life in Paris, France; his parents’ immigration to France from Russia; his Jewish education; his family’s flight to Vichy, France in 1940; his sister’s arrest in Paris in 1942 and death in Auschwitz; traveling from city to city in southern France; living in relative safety under Italian rule in Antibes, France until 1942; the growing number of Jewish refugees in southern France; actively participating in the Protestant scout movement; the Nazi invasion of the free zone; moving to Nice, France with his parents; becoming more involved in the resistance; their knowledge of what was happening elsewhere; meeting Pasteur Pierre Gagnier, a Righteous Among the Nations; his parents’ leadership roles in the resistance, including his mother’s role as the director of the Organization to Save the Children; crossing the border between Monaco and France to deliver funds to the resistance; his arrest while carrying 150 forged identity cards; escaping the train taking him as a prisoner to Paris; Pasteur Gagnier’s role in his escape; and leaving the station to find his parents.