Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research




Skip to main content

Rafael and Nelly Brenner family papers

Document | Digitized | Accession Number: 1995.61

Search this record's additional resources, such as finding aids, documents, or transcripts.

No results match this search term.
Check spelling and try again.

results are loading

0 results found for “keyward

    Rafael and Nelly Brenner family papers

    Please select from the following options:


    The Rafael and Nelly Brenner family papers consist of advertisements, photographs, printed materials, and store catalogs documenting the Brenner family’s photograph supply stores in Cologne, their expropriation under the Nazi regime, the establishment of their store in Rome, their escape to the United States, the establishment of their store in Washington, DC, and Leo Brenner’s store in Haifa.
    inclusive:  1924-1956
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Children of Raphael and Nelly Brenner
    Collection Creator
    Rafael and Nelly Brenner family
    Rafael Brenner (1898-1973) and his brother, Leo Brenner (approximately 1896-1958), were born in Poland and founded photographic product retailer Photo-Brenner in Cologne, Germany in 1919. The business grew to include three photographic supply stores and a mail order business, and Rafael’s wife, Nelly Brenner (1901-1991), helped with the business. After Nazi harassment and a boycott of the business in 1933, Rafael was arrested, forced to sign over the family property at a discounted rate, and pressured to leave Germany. He moved to Rome with his wife and sons, Norbert (1924-2013) and Berthold (b. approximately 1927), where the family established a new store. Leo moved to Palestine and established a store in Haifa. Nelly was arrested in Rome in 1938 around the time of Hitler’s May visit and was persuaded to leave Italy. The family immigrated to the United States at the end of the year and established a new store in Washington, D.C.

    Physical Details

    11 folders
    2 oversize folders
    System of Arrangement
    The Rafael and Nelly Brenner family papers are arranged as four series: I. Advertisements, 1924-1948, II. Photographs, approximately 1933-1945, III. Printed materials, 1933-1952, IV. Store catalogs, 1932-1956

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Berthold Brenner donated the Rafael and Nelly Brenner family papers to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1995.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-02-24 13:42:05
    This page: