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Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, 5 kronen, acquired by Jewish Polish survivor

Object | Accession Number: 1988.68.1.7

Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp scrip, valued at 5 [funf] kronen, acquired by Beno Helmer under unknown circumstances. Camp inmates were not allowed to have currency, which was confiscated. Scrip for use only in the camp was issued beginning May 1943 to promote an illusion of normalcy, as there was nothing to to exchange it for in the camp. In 1941, Beno, 18, and his family were interned in Łódź Ghetto, set up by the Germans after their occupation of Poland in September 1939. In spring 1944, as the ghetto was liquidated, Beno and his family were sent to Auschwitz concentration camp. Beno was selected for labor and sent to a subcamp of Gross-Rosen that supplied slave labor to the metalworks factory, Krupp Bertha-Werk, at Laskowitz-Meleschwitz. He was later transferred to Buchenwald, then Ludwigslust, a Neuengamme subcamp. Beno joined a Polish forced labor group that was conscripted into the Soviet Army. He was liberated by American soldiers while in a Soviet prisoner-of-war camp. The war ended in early May 1945 when Germany surrendered. All of Beno's family was killed, except one sister.

issue:  1943 January 01
issue: Theresienstadt (Concentration camp); Terezin (Ustecky kraj, Czech Republic)
Exchange Media
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Beno Helmer
Record last modified: 2021-02-10 09:27:58
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