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Oral history interview with Alex Zelczer

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.37.25 | RG Number: RG-50.765.0025

Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.

Alex Zelczer, born in 1927 in Vásárosnamény, Hungary, describes his parents and nine siblings; helping in the family’s bakery business; how life changed in 1939 when the Hungarian government started to copy the Nazi propaganda campaign; how the flour ration affected the bakery; how in 1943 the police forced his father to open the bakery on the Sabbath; how on the last day of Passover in 1944 one of his father’s non-Jewish customers offered to hide the Zelczer family on his farm, but they decided against it; being sent to the ghetto a few weeks later; being deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau; being separated from his family and never seeing his parents again; being moved to Jaworzno, where he was assigned to build a power plant; going to the infirmary in January 1945 because he was too weak to walk; remaining in the camp when the other prisoners were evacuated and sent on a death march; being liberated by the Russians on January 26, 1945; walking home and being nursed back to health by a cousin; reopening the bakery with his four surviving siblings; not feeling comfortable in Vásárosnamény and going to a displaced persons camp in Germany; living in the camp until 1947; and immigrating to the United States in 1947.

Alex Zelczer
2005 May 10  (interview)
1 DVD : MPEG-4.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Congregation Shaarey Tikvah, Beachwood, Ohio