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Ink drawing of a cityscape with three churches created by a hidden child

Object | Accession Number: 2009.204.54

Ink drawing of a row of buildings created by Ilona Goldman about 1949. During the war, Ilona lived in hiding in Poland from 1942-1944. She made many drawings during this time, especially when, at age four, she was separated from her parents and placed with the Polish peasant family of Hania Seremet, who agreed to hide her for a fee. These drawings were the only way for the talkative child, not yet able to write, to communicate with her parents. After Nazi Germany invaded Poland in September 1939, Alona's parents, Salomon and Gusta, with Alona, fled Krakow for the Russian controlled city of Lvov (Lviv, Ukraine). When Germany invaded the Soviet Union in 1941, the family was forced into the Jewish ghetto where Salomon worked as an accountant at a meat rendering factory owned by the Wehrmacht. In spring 1942, fearing the liquidation of the ghetto, Salomon arranged a hiding place for them outside the ghetto with a former employee, Jozef Jozak, and his family. However, they would not hide Ilona because they thought it would be too hard to conceal a lively young girl. Ilona was smuggled to the countryside and placed in hiding as a Christian child with the Seremets. After 6 months, Salomon could no longer pay for her care, so Ilona was brought back to live in their hiding place, without the knowledge of the Jozak family. Ilona had to stay most of this time locked in a closet with only her drawings and the medical textbooks left by a previous tenant. The family lived in hiding until the Soviet Army liberated the city in July 1944. When the war ended in May 1945, they returned to Krakow.

Date
approximately 1948  (creation)
Geography
creation : Krakow (Poland)
Classification
Art
Category
Children's art
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Alona Frankel
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:25:37
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn78871