Advanced Search

Learn About The Holocaust

Special Collections

My Saved Research

Login

Register

Help

Skip to main content

Buchenwald Standort-Kantine concentration camp scrip, 1 Reichsmark, acquired by a US soldier after liberation

Object | Accession Number: 2013.388.3

Buchenwald Standort-Cantine scrip valued at 1 Reichsmark found by 19 year old William Justis Jr., a US Army ranger, on the counter of the canteen in Buchenwald concentration camp a few days after its liberation on April 11, 1945. Buchenwald, with 88 subcamps, was a major source of forced labor, and the scrip was issued as part of an incentive system to increase production. Justis was deployed to Europe in March 1945 where he volunteered for the First Platoon Company “C” 5th Ranger Battalion. In April, as the battalion advanced through Germany, they noticed an increasingly offensive odor. The next morning, they were told that they were at Buchenwald concentration camp, which was entered on April 11 by US troops. Justis's company was assigned to security duty, tasked with making sure that no inmates left the camp. Germany surrendered on May 7 and the battalion remained on occupation duty in the Weimar region.

Date
1944-1945  (issue)
approximately 1945 April 15  (found)
Geography
found : Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
issue : Buchenwald (Concentration camp); Weimar (Thuringia, Germany)
Language
German
Classification
Exchange Media
Category
Money
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of William G. Justis, Jr.
Expand all
 
Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:24:35
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn79344