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Oral history interview with Marjorie Butterfield

Oral History | Accession Number: 2014.51.22 | RG Number: RG-50.759.0022

Marjorie Butterfield, who was a 25-year-old 2nd Lieutenant Nurse in 1945 and a member of the 131st Evacuation Hospital, discusses being deployed to the Gusen concentration camp three weeks after its liberation; seeing 2,000 or so starved men, women, and children in the camp; her reaction to this sight; working in the hospital for about two and a half months, along with some German nurses who had been locally procured; working as a relief nurse, taking the place of others who were off duty; the shortage of medicine and the hospital not being fully equipped to care for so many; how only the very sickest would receive antibiotic medication; many of the former prisoners dying; the collection of the dead every morning for mass burials in graves marked with Crosses and Stars of David; having limited interactions with the inmates since she did not speak German and they did not speak English; returning to the US and being discharged; trying unsuccessfully to block out her experience and finding it difficult to adjust to daily life; feeling angry when people claim the Holocaust never happened; and her belief that the Medical Corps never receives the credit it deserves when stories are told about World War II.


Some video files begin with 10-60 seconds of color bars.
Interviewee
Marjorie Butterfield
Interviewer
Mary Cook
Nita Howton
Date
interview:  1994 May 29
Language
English
Extent
1 sound cassette : analog.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Mary Cook and Nita Howton
 
Record last modified: 2020-07-27 15:22:17
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn79891