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Wool blanket with a black, red, and cream plaid pattern acquired by a Polish Jewish woman after her escape during a forced march from Ravensbrück

Object | Accession Number: 1993.27.33

Plaid wool blanket used by Franka Rosenblum, 25, that she stole from a Burgermeister's house in Sachsendorf, Germany, in April 1945 after her escape during a death march from Ravensbrueck concentration camp. She also took a towel, 1993.27.32, a dress, and a blouse. Franka and her family lived in Zawiercie, Poland, which was invaded by Germany in September 1939. She was a forced laborer in a steel mill and involved with the resistance movement. On August 26, 1943, she was deported to Auschwitz-Birkenau where she was shaved, given rags to wear, and tattooed with the number 56362. She worked in a hospital, then a Krupp ammunition factory. In January 1945, she was forced on marches to Malkov, Ravensbrück, and Leipzig, where she escaped and hid. The area was soon liberated and she was relocated to a refugee camp in France. Her family in Poland was killed. In Paris, she encountered Julian Hirshfeld, whom she had known before and during the war. Julian, originally from Łódź, was transported from 1942-1945 to several concentration camps because his skills as a textile engineer were valuable to the Germans. He was interned at Birkenau, Auschwitz, Goleshau, and liberated in April 1945 at Buchenwald. His first wife Hela and 10 year old daughter Fryda were murdered in Auschwitz. Franka and Julian married on September 26, 1946. A few months later, Franka and their infant daughter emigrated to the United States. Julian followed in 1949.

use:  1945 April
found:  1945 April-1946
found: Sachsendorf (Wurzen, Germany)
Furnishings and Furniture
Household linens
Object Type
Blankets (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Frances Hirshfeld, in memory of her husband Dr. Julian Hirshfeld, and their family members who perished during the Holocaust
Record last modified: 2022-07-28 18:22:18
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