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Antisemitic poster by Mjölnir depicting a German store owner kicking out a Jewish trader

Object | Accession Number: 1993.42.3

German antisemitic propaganda poster encouraging Germans to fight against unfair Jewish business practices, designed by Hans Schweitzer (Mjőlnir). The poster features an image of an Aryan businessman standing in the doorway of a storefront called “German Business” who has just kicked out a Jewish peddler, symbolizing that German businesses will longer deal with Jews. The peddler is dressed all in black with a stereotypical dark and curly beard, payot, and a hooked nose. He is portrayed with yellow skin, a symbol of cowardice, betrayal, and ill health, to emphasize the antisemitic trope of his untrustworthy nature. The Nazis used propaganda to push the narrative that haggling Jewish traders were bad for German business and society. Nazi propaganda won the support of millions of Germans, affirmed Nazi ideas of racial superiority, and created an atmosphere that tolerated violence against Jews. They communicated their propaganda through art, music, film, radio, books, posters, and other published materials. Hans Schweitzer, who used the pen name Mjőlnir, was friends with Reich Minister of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda, Joseph Goebbels, and created many posters for the Nazi Party. In 1935, he was appointed as Representative for Artistic Design and worked in conjunction with the Ministry of Propaganda for the creation of exhibitions, erection of monuments, and the development of insignia and national symbols. Later he worked with a commission to decide how to utilize artwork stolen from Nazi victims.

Artwork Title
Raus mit dem jüdischen Schachergeist
Alternate Title
Out with the Jewish Haggling System
Date
publication/distribution:  1936-1937
Geography
publication: Germany
Language
German
Classification
Posters
Genre/Form
Posters.
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of the Alex and Boots Kertesz Family
 
Record last modified: 2020-01-07 14:01:32
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn8222