Looped metal whip that may have been used at Auschwitz given to a Ukrainian journalist covering the Nuremberg Trials
approximately 1947 January-approximately 1947 April (received)
Auschwitz (Concentration camp);
received : Nuremberg (Germany)
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Christine Cox
Hand crafted metal whip given to Miroslav Hrijoriev Gregory, a Ukrainian journalist, in Nuremberg, Germany, in early 1947 while he was covering the proceedings of the Nuremberg Trials. The whip was supposedly used by an Auschwitz concentration camp guard, nicknamed Chocolata, and presented as evidence during trial proceedings. Miroslav was a Ukrainian journalist and illustrator, as well as a socialist who opposed the Soviet-style communist government of Ukraine during the early 1930s. Miroslav fled to Prague, Czechoslovakia, in the mid-1930s. He was married to a doctor, Eugenia, and in 1940, their son, Miroslav, was born. Using several pseudonyms, Miroslav published anti-Nazi papers during the war. In 1941, the Gestapo arrested Miroslav for his father’s anti-Nazi activities, but he escaped with the assistance of a Czech organization. In 1945, the entire family was taken to a slave labor camp in Blauson (?), Germany, where they were liberated in the spring by US soldiers. Miroslav and his family were transferred to Augsberg displaced persons camp, where Eugenia worked as a camp doctor. The camp was close to Nuremberg, which allowed Miroslav to cover the trial proceedings until summer 1947, when his family received US visas.
Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:21:49
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn84180
Also in Miroslav Hrijoriev Gregory collection
The collection consists of a whip, newspaper clippings, a booklet, and visitor and transit passes relating to the experiences of Miroslav Hrijoriev Gregory after the war when he attended the International Military Tribunal proceedings in Nuremburg as a Ukrainian journalist.
Newspaper clippings from assorted German newspapers regarding the International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg; Two (2) passes for the International Military Tribunal visitors gallery, dated January-April 1947; Three (3) passes for German mass transit; Booklet: “International Military Tribunal / Nuremberg Germany / 1945-1946” handed out to visitors to the trial, in English. Materials acquired by Miroslav Gregory (donor’s father), a Ukrainian journalist, while he was in Nuremberg covering the trials. The book Byliśmy w Oświęcimiu by Janusz Nel Siedlecki, Krystyn Olszewski, and Tadeusz Borowski; published 1946; in Polish has been transferred to USHMM Library