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Leather tag stamped with the US seal containing a photograph owned by a German Jewish refugee

Object | Accession Number: 2013.430.12

Small leather tag with a photograph presumably of her husband and son saved by Irene Schweizer, who fled Germany on a Kindertransport with her 6 year old son Hans in July 1939, joining her husband in England. When Hitler rose to power in Germany in 1933, Irene, Hans, and her husband Friedrich resided in Mannheim. Irene’s stepfather, Nathan Karlsruher, died that October and Irene’s mother and half-sister, Jella and Ruth Karlsruher, 11, moved in with them. In 1936, Friedrich was fired from his job as a bank manager because he was Jewish. During Kristallnacht on November 10, 1938, Friedrich was arrested and sent to Dachau. Their home was invaded by Nazi party supporters and their belongings were destroyed. In January 1939, Friedrich was released. Irene made arrangements for him to go to England in June. In July, Irene picked up Hans from his school for the deaf in Berlin and left for England. They emigrated to the United States in March 1940 and settled in Chicago. Irene arranged for her mother and sister to get to America in September 1940.

received:  after 1940 March
creation: United States
Identifying Artifacts
Object Type
Tags (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Audrey Eisenmann and Geoffrey Eisenmann
Record last modified: 2022-08-12 06:33:11
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