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Mother of pearl opera glasses saved by a German Jewish prewar emigre

Object | Accession Number: 2013.430.13

Mother of pearl opera glasses saved by Irene Schweizer when she fled Germany on a Kindertransport with her 6 year old son Hans in July 1939, joining her husband in England. When Hitler rose to power in Germany in 1933, Irene, Hans, and her husband Friedrich resided in Mannheim. Irene’s stepfather, Nathan Karlsruher, died that October and Irene’s mother and half-sister, Jella and Ruth Karlsruher, 11, moved in with them. In 1936, Friedrich was fired from his job as a bank manager because he was Jewish. During Kristallnacht on November 10, 1938, Friedrich was arrested and sent to Dachau. Their home was invaded by Nazi party supporters and their belongings were destroyed. In January 1939, Friedrich was released. Irene made arrangements for him to go to England in June. In July, Irene picked up Hans from his school for the deaf in Berlin and left for England. They emigrated to the United States in March 1940 and settled in Chicago. Irene arranged for her mother and sister to get to America in September 1940.

emigration:  1939 July
use: Mannheim (Germany)
Object Type
Opera glasses (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Audrey Eisenmann and Geoffrey Eisenmann
Record last modified: 2022-08-12 06:30:43
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