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Air Raid Service warden armband used prewar by Dutch Jewish resistance member

Object | Accession Number: 2013.437.3

Luchtbeschermingsdienst [Air Raid Warden] armband used by Andries Roos circa 1936 to May 1940, when the German occupation authorities released Jews from serving in the Luchtbeschermingsdienst (Air Raid Defense Service). The Service was established in 1936 to protect the city against air attacks and to organize emergency services. On May 10, 1940, Nazi Germany invaded the Netherlands where Andries lived with his wife, Rozet, 2 year old son, Leo, and brother, sister-in-law, and niece, Abraham, Rachel, and Leni Roos. In summer 1940, Andries and Rozet went into hiding and Leo and Leni, an infant, were sent to a children’s home. Leo was caught in an SS raid, but Andries, a forger for the Dutch resistance, arranged his rescue. Leo and his parents lived in hiding in Amsterdam until 1943, when they moved to Ede, then in early 1944, Heelsum. In September, they were caught between American and German troops during Operation Market Garden. The family was briefly detained by the SS, and then left for Wageningen. The Germans raided their hiding place and Andries was caught with his forging equipment. Andries, 42, was executed on November 9, 1944. Leo and Rozet were hidden on a farm in Lunteren, where they were liberated in May 1945. They returned to Amsterdam in late 1945 and learned that most of their family had been killed in the camps. Leni's parents had been killed and Rozet obtained custody of the girl from the family that rescued her. Rozet, Leo, and Leni emigrated to the United States in 1950.

Date
approximately 1936-1940 May  (use)
Geography
use : Amsterdam (Netherlands)
Classification
Identifying Artifacts
Category
Armbands
Object Type
Armbands (lcsh)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Leo Roos
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Record last modified: 2018-10-24 14:09:13
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn84506