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Lodz ghetto scrip, 20 mark coin, acquired by a young Polish Jewish woman held as a slave laborer

Object | Accession Number: 2012.477.2

20 mark coin from the Lodz ghetto acquired by Cesia Zylber Uncyk. When Nazi Germany occupied Poland in September 1939, Cesia, 10, lived in Tomaszow Mazowiecki with her closeknit, extended family. Cesia, her parents Chaim and Laja Zylber, and three brothers were forced into the Jewish ghetto. In April 1940, Cesia's maternal grandmother, Rivka Redlich, took Cesia to Piotrkow to stay with her aunt Esther Uncyk. In October 1942, the Tomaszow ghetto was liquidated and nearly all of Cesia's extended family were taken to Treblinka killing center. Piotrkow was soon emptied, but Esther saved Cesia and her own daughter Niusia from transport. In February 1943, a relative was arrested and told the Germans about the hidden dugout in Esther's home. Cesia was discovered and sent to a HASAG slave labor munitions factory in Skarzysko. Another inmate, Miriam looked after Cesia and helped her survive. In August 1944, they were transferred to a HASAG camp in Czestochowa where they were liberated by Soviet troops in January 1945. Finding no survivors from her family, Cesia went to Lodz with Miriam. In December 1945, they learned that Esther and Niusia were in Bergen-Belsen displaced persons camp in Germany. In April 1946, they left Poland illegally for Bergen-Belsen. Cesia joined an uncle Michael Redlich and his family in New Jersey in August 1947.

Date
1943  (issue)
after 1945 January  (found)
Geography
manufacture : Litzmannstadt-Getto (Lodz ghetto) historic; Lodz (Poland)
Language
German
Classification
Exchange Media
Category
Money
Object Type
Scrip (aat)
Credit Line
United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Norman Redlich
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Record last modified: 2018-01-11 14:22:36
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn84564