Łódź ghetto scrip, 20 mark coin, acquired by a young Polish Jewish woman held as a slave laborer
found: after 1945 January
Litzmannstadt-Getto (Łódź, Poland);
- Object Type
- Credit Line
- United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Norman Redlich
20 mark coin from the Łódź ghetto acquired by Cesia Zylber Uncyk. When Nazi Germany occupied Poland in September 1939, Cesia, 10, lived in Tomaszow Mazowiecki with her closeknit, extended family. Cesia, her parents Chaim and Laja Zylber, and three brothers were forced into the Jewish ghetto. In April 1940, Cesia's maternal grandmother, Rivka Redlich, took Cesia to Piotrkow to stay with her aunt Esther Uncyk. In October 1942, the Tomaszow ghetto was liquidated and nearly all of Cesia's extended family were taken to Treblinka killing center. Piotrkow was soon emptied, but Esther saved Cesia and her own daughter Niusia from transport. In February 1943, a relative was arrested and told the Germans about the hidden dugout in Esther's home. Cesia was discovered and sent to a HASAG slave labor munitions factory in Skarzysko. Another inmate, Miriam looked after Cesia and helped her survive. In August 1944, they were transferred to a HASAG camp in Czestochowa where they were liberated by Soviet troops in January 1945. Finding no survivors from her family, Cesia went to Łódź with Miriam. In December 1945, they learned that Esther and Niusia were in Bergen-Belsen displaced persons camp in Germany. In April 1946, they left Poland illegally for Bergen-Belsen. Cesia joined an uncle Michael Redlich and his family in New Jersey in August 1947.
Record last modified: 2023-11-14 14:44:40
This page: https://collections.ushmm.org/search/catalog/irn84564
Also in Cesia Carol Redlich collection
The collection consists of a Łódź Ghetto coin, certificates, documents, photographs, and publications relating to the experiences of Cesia Uncyk and her family before the Holocaust in Poland, and after the Holocaust when she lived in a displaced persons camp in Germany and then emigrated to the United States. Some of these materials may be combined into a single collection in the future.
The collection consists of photographs taken at the Bergen Belsen displaced persons camp, five photographs of United Children's Care orphans; one photograph of Cesia Carol Redlich's foster mother and her natural daughter; one photograph of Cesia Carol Redlich with her foster mother's natural daughter; and a memorial card listing the Yahrzeit memorial anniversary dates of the 15,000 Jews deported from Tomaszów Mazowiecki, Poland. Contains a photograph of Bergen-Belsen survivors at a sign commemorating the victims of Bergen-Belsen; a photograph of high school teachers (Bergen Belsen survivors who came from Palestine); a photograph of students marching with a banner that proclaims "Long live the freedom struggle of the Haganah;" and a photograph of four girls, post-liberation.
Contains photographs of Cesia Redlich and Tosia Norymberska, including images of Norymberska recovering in a Swedish hospital after the war.
Contains a Hebrew primer and notes, dictionary, booklet and pages of notes taken during ORT classes by Cesia Uncyk (Carol Redlich; donor's wife) in displaced persons camps after the war. Also includes a copy of a "Certificate in lieu of passport" issued to Cesia Uncyk in Munich, Germany by the American Consulate, dated May 27, 1947, and stamped that Cesia was admitted into the United States on August 3, 1947; a "Declaration of Intention" for American citizenship for Cesia Uncyk dated December 27, 1947, in New Jersey; eight lab reports issued by Dr. I. Selikoff of the Board of Health, City of Paterson, NJ, regarding tuberculosis test results for Carol Redlich, dated February – August 1955; and a photograph of Norman and Carol Redlich's parents in pre-war Poland.