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Charnitzki family papers

Document | Not Digitized | Accession Number: 2014.415.1

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    Overview

    Description
    The Charnitzki family papers consists of documents, correspondence, photographs, and an autograph book related to the experiences of the Charnitzki family of Königsberg, Germany (now Kaliningrad). Includes documentation of pre-war life in Königsberg, life in Shanghai, and their emigration to the United States in 1947, including correspondence with family members who perished during the Holocaust.
    Date
    inclusive:  1902-1956
    bulk:  1939-1947
    Credit Line
    United States Holocaust Memorial Museum Collection, Gift of Ruth Kline
    Collection Creator
    Charnitzki family
    Biography
    Erich Charnitzki (b. April 30, 1906) married Paula Israelski (b. October 25, 1901) on March 31, 1935. They had two children, Leo (b. 1936) and Ruth (b. 1937). Erich was arrested on Kristallnacht but was released, leaving by ship for Shanghai in early 1939. Six months later, Paula and her two young children, Ruth and Leo, also left by ship for Shanghai. Erich helped run the refugee camp and Paula helped check workers in at a nearby factory. The children attended an English language school, but spoke German at home. Erich's brother, Kurt, was also able to emigrate to Shanghai. Paula's sister Trude and her children were unable to leave Europe, and although her husband was able to escape to England; she and her children perished during the Holocaust. Paula's mother, Hilda Israelski, did not want to leave Germany and also perished. In 1947, the Charnitzkis were sponsored by distant relatives in Louisville, Kentucky, to immigrate to the United States. They left on the Marine Adder in September 1947. In the United States, they changed their last name to "Charn." Erich Charn died on June 14, 1977; Paula died in 1987; and Leo in 1999. Ruth Charn Kline married Carl Kline and had three sons: Steven, Howard, and Larry. She lives in Louisville, KY.

    Physical Details

    Extent
    1 box
    1 oversize folder
    System of Arrangement
    The Charnitzki family papers is arranged in a single series.

    Rights & Restrictions

    Conditions on Access
    There are no known restrictions on access to this material.
    Conditions on Use
    Material(s) in this collection may be protected by copyright and/or related rights. You do not require further permission from the Museum to use this material. The user is solely responsible for making a determination as to if and how the material may be used.

    Keywords & Subjects

    Administrative Notes

    Provenance
    Ruth Kline (born Ruth Charnitzki, later Charn) donated her family's collection to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2014.
    Funding Note
    The cataloging of this collection has been supported by a grant from the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.
    Record last modified:
    2023-02-24 13:43:15
    This page:
    https:​/​/collections.ushmm.org​/search​/catalog​/irn84851

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